Table of Contents


The effects are represented in all the human material remains and remains of civilized value that the predecessors left over the ancient times in the state, and this term or the scientific field studies the remnants of the first human since the dawn of history gradually in that way towards successive phases, beginning with what the first man made of buildings, and cutting tools , Pottery, metal parts, bones, skulls, food containers, jewelry, etc., and the effects may go beyond that to reach valuable discoveries such as golden treasures or the remains of temples and luxurious caves belonging to kings and princes in those ages.


It is one of the economic sectors that constitute one of the largest pillars of the national economy of any country in the event of optimal utilization of this development resource, which is the activity of domestic travel i.e. from one region to another within the same country, or external from any country to another, whether in the same region or to continents And other regions, and travel may be for the purpose of treatment, recreation, self-employment, discovery, or visiting relatives, and whatever the purpose of tourism is, the United Nations believes that this term is given to a traveler who travels a distance of at least 80 kilometers from his residence for the purpose of The purposes that we will talk about in detail In this article, given the modern consideration of archaeological monuments, their concept and how important they are in developing the tourism sector and attracting tourists who are an important economic and development resource for any country.

Types of tourism

The types and forms of tourism differ according to the purpose and purpose of travel, some of which are recreational, some of which are for the purpose of education, treatment or meditation, and some of them are internal, i.e. within the borders of the state or external, i.e. outside its borders, and the most prominent and most common types among tourists are as follows:

  • Recreational tourism: It is traveling to a country for the purpose of entertainment and to get rid of the pressures of work, tension and recreation.
  • Religious tourism: It is represented by traveling with the aim of visiting the holy religious places and performing worship, prayers and statutes in them, so that the receiving country includes many holy places such as Medina and Makkah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock in Holy Jerusalem.
  • Cultural tourism: With the aim of learning and learning about cultures and acquiring knowledge and skills from the destination countries.
  • Diving tourism and beach tourism such as visiting the Maldives is a wonderful atmosphere and others.
  • Adventure Tourism: It is to go to one of the countries and learn about its culture and its strange and practicing adventure in it such as surfing or snow skiing or tourism in the forests and camping there any tents in it and climbing mountains, such as tourism in the Eskimos skiing or climbing the Atlas Mountains, or skiing on the sands of the desert of the quarter Empty in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and others.

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