Italy is (European: Italy) a European country with a republican system, located in the southern part of the continent of Europe, and it is one of the European Union countries, and it consists of the italyn peninsula, in addition to many islands, including: Sardinia and Sicily. Italy is distinguished by its geographical location; It occupies a strategic location that dominates the central Mediterranean, and is linked to Western Europe by the Adriatic Sea, and is linked to Central Europe through the Alps, in addition to the strategic location of Sicily that overlooks the African coast from the Mediterranean, and Italy also shares With international land borders with Switzerland and Austria on the northern side, while France borders it on the northwestern side, and Slovenia on the northeastern side.
Tourism in Italy
The cities of Italy contain many tourist and cultural landmarks, and various archaeological sites dating back to the time of the Romen Empire and the Renaissance, as it includes many tourist cities that attract the attention of tourists, and each of them has its own character, as the northern cities are distinguished by the scenic view of the Alps, while they are distinguished The cities of the south with its coasts located on the Mediterranean Sea. Italy includes fifty archeological sites which are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, which makes it one of the countries most attractive to tourists, and it should be noted that Italy always maintains an advanced position in the ranking Berri world tourism, and recently ndash; according to the World Tourism Organization reports for the year 2020 m- occupied Italy ranked fifth among the tourist countries in the world, third among European countries ranked; it had about 62 million visitors.Read:Landmarks of Germany
Cultural and recreational tourism
Italy contains many cultural and recreational attractions. It includes forty cultural sites listed in the list of world heritage sites issued by the UNESCO, and it is worth noting that Italy is a country with a rich cultural heritage that has a prominent role in attracting visitors from all over the world, And what Italy contains of cultural monuments that attract the attention of tourists constantly: churches, palaces, castles, dwellings, fortresses, historical gardens, antiquities, museums and libraries, in addition to other recreational places.
Coastal tourism in Italy is considered the biggest tourism sector attractive to tourists, as it represents almost half of all visitors to Italy annually, knowing that the establishment of coastal coastal italyn resorts in the eighteenth century contributed to the growth of coastal tourism in a clear way, whether along the coasts of the italyn peninsula or the islands coasts Major and minor vs. mainland.
Italy is a popular destination for Christian religious tourism, as many tourists visit it to enjoy the italyn religious heritage, and it includes many religious monuments that attract tourists from all over the world, the most important of which are:Read:Entertainment at the Olympic Park in Munich
- Franchigena Road: Via Francigena, which is a historic path for Christianity that some tourists still take to explore the many places of worship in each region.
- St. Peter’s Church: St. Peter’s Basilica, which is the largest church in the world, is located in the italyn capital, Rome, which is the final destination for the Christian pilgrimage, and the seat of the papal church in the world.
- Church of St. Francis of Assisi: Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi, a church located in Assisi.
- Loreto Refuge: (English: Sanctuary of Loreto), which is one of the most prominent spiritual and cultural places in Europe.
- Turin Shroud: Shroud of Turin, which is said to represent the remains of the images of Christ after the crucifixion, is found in the city of Turin.
Italy offers multiple options for fans of sports excursions, as it enables them to enjoy many equipped sports facilities, and exercise various physical activities, such as golf, which Italy has a market share of 7% of the total return of golf tourism in Western Europe, which is valued at 3.6 In Italy, tourists can practice many sports at any time of the year. In the winter, mountain heights attract fans of skiing, and it is worth noting that Italy’s market share of this sport is 5% of the total return of tourism tourism. On the heights of the Alps, which is estimated to be worth sixteen billion euros. In the summer, there are several other sports that tourists can practice and enjoy their time through, including: horse riding, hiking, in addition to cycling, which Italy has a market share of 20% of the total revenue from cycling tourism in Central and Southern Europe, and is worth nearly two billion euros. Italy also provides the possibility to enjoy various sports underwater, fishing in the waters of rivers and lakes, or parasailing. J, windsurfing.Read:The best tourist places in Germany
There are several sectors that represent industrial tourism in Italy, including museums of italyn industry products, among them are museums of mining and metallurgical industries, museums of science and technology, and museums of industrial products such as cars, textile museums, and marine museums. Among the sectors that represent industrial tourism in Italy are also targeted tourism Towards the commercial business sector, which is somewhat new in Italy, given the success of individual initiatives from factory owners and businesses who were seeking to promote their products and open the doors of their factories to Tourists, and merchants from time to time, the italyn chambers of commerce, and government authorities are seeking to market this tourism directed towards the trade and business sector to support the local economy and the development of italyn industrial tourism. It is worth noting that there is difficulty in estimating the statistics of industrial tourism in Italy, However, the increase in the statistics of tourists visiting the industrial sector is a primary and real indicator for assessing the effects of policies aimed at defending and promoting the industrial heritage.
The most important tourist cities in Italy
Italy provides a mixture of historical, archaeological, museums, landscapes, and other sites within its cities, including:
Rome (English: Rome) – which is known as the Eternal City – is the capital of the Lazio region, which is the official capital of the Republic of Italy, and the governmental and parliamentary headquarters in it, as well as being the largest cities, and the most densely populated, in addition to being ranked fourth among the largest cities In the European Union, it cannot be ignored as an important political and cultural center throughout history, since the founding of the Romen Empire BC. It is worth noting that the Vatican City, which is considered an independent landlocked city and surrounded by all the city of Rome, is It is home to the Romen Catholic Church, where millions of pilgrims attract Christians to St. Peter’s Church and its museums, and the UNESCO has included the historical center of the cities of Rome and the Vatican in the list of world heritage sites in 1990.
Venice (in English: Venice) or Venice is an italyn heritage city of medium size, and it is one of the famous tourist destinations in the world, as it attracts thousands of tourists every day. According to statistics in 2020 AD, this city received at a daily rate of about 60,000 visitors, and this city was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1987. One of the most important activities that tourists must do is ride the gondolas early in the morning, and enjoy the sites that Venice has to visit, including the following:
- Saint Mark’s Basilica.
- Ducale Palace (in italyn: Palazzo Ducale).
- The Academy Museum (in italyn: Gallerie dell’Accademia).
- Leonardo da Vinci Museum (in English: Leonardo da Vinci Museum)
- Rialto Market.
- San Giorgio Maggiore Island (English: San Giorgio Maggiore).
- Fortune Palace (italyn: Palazzo Fortuny).
- Bridge of Sighs (English: Bridge of Sighs)
- St. Mark’s Square.
Florence is located in the center of Tuscany, the official capital of it. This city has emerged in the Middle Ages as a center for financial and banking services, and is considered a symbol of the italyn Renaissance, which has emerged as a cultural center, as it was abundant with many architectural buildings of In the middle of the nineteenth century, Florence was made the capital of Italy for a short time after the unification of the territories of Italy, and then tourism had an important role in supporting the local economy, and it should be noted that the center of Florence The historic included in the list of World Heritage sites issued by UNESCO and the World Organization in 1982; and so as it contains ancient historical buildings, churches, palaces, museums, sculptures, and others.
Milan (English: Milan) is a vital city rich in italyn heritage, and it has occupied a great importance throughout history since it was the capital of the western part of the Romen Empire, and this city was famous for art, where the famous italyn painter Leonardo da Vinci resided in, and presented many of his artistic works in it. Also, the city of Milan includes two prominent football clubs: Inter Milan and AC Milan.
The most important tourist attractions in Italy
Italy is one of the most sought-after tourist destinations in the world, and is famous for many historical and cultural attractions, most notably:
- Leaning Tower of Pisa: The leaning Tower of Pisa, the famous bell tower of the italyn city of Pisa that took 200 years to build, is about 56 meters high, and has been named so because its slope is clearly visible.
- Romen amphitheater: Romen Amphitheater, or colosseum, which is a huge oval amphitheater located in the city of Rome, and is considered the largest amphitheater in the world, besides being a symbol of Romen civilization, and this amphitheater was built in the period between two years ( 72-80) AD, in which the imaginary battle races, general executions, and other events took place in the past.
- Uffizi Gallery: The Uffizi Gallery, one of Italy’s most visited museums, is located in the historical center of Florence, and it houses many famous Renaissance artworks.
- Vasari Pass: Vasari Corridor, which is a closed high corridor located in the historical center of Florence as well, linking the municipality building to the Pitti Palace, and it is also linked to the Uffizi Gallery, noting that part of this pass passes over the Arno River, and it is worth noting Until this pass was built in 1565 AD, with the aim of moving in a safe manner between the residence of the ruler at the time and the government palace.
- Academy Exhibition: The Accademia, which is located in Florence, is considered one of the most attractive italyn tourist destinations for tourists, and it is home to many artistic paintings and sculptures, most of which date back to the period between (1300-1600) A.D. The famous italyn artist Michelangelo.
- National Museum of Castel Sant’Angelo: Castel Sant’Angelo National Museum This museum – which Romen Emperor Hadrian built to be a shrine for him and his family – is located in the city of Rome, and although it is later converted into a fortress and castle, it is now a museum that attracts a lot of Tourists.
- Popoli Gardens: These gardens, located in Florence, extend close to Pitti Palace on a total area of 45,000 square meters, and include many sculptures dating back to the period between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, making it one of the oldest gardens. italyn style built.
- La Venaria Reale Palace: La Venaria Reale, near the city of Turin, is one of the royal residences of the Savoy family, and one of Italy’s tourist attractions listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
- Egyptian Museum: This museum, which was established in 1824 AD in Turin, is the oldest museum dedicated to ancient Egyptian civilization, and contains Egyptian antiquities, Romen antiquities, and antiquities dating back to before the Romen era, and prehistoric era, in addition to There is a section on natural history.
- Borghese Gallery: Borghese Gallery, a Romenian art gallery located next to the gardens of Villa Borghese in Rome, displays many of the paintings, sculptures, and monuments collected by the Borghese family, which is one of the princely families in Italy.
- Caserta Royal Palace: This palace, which represented the headquarters of the Bourbons in Naples, was located in Naples, in Caserta, southern Italy, where it was built in the eighteenth century on an area of 235,000 square meters, and it is considered the largest royal residential palace in the world. It is noteworthy that this palace was included in the list of world heritage sites issued by the UNESCO in 1997.
The best time to visit Italy
In general, the period from April to late June and September or November is the most appropriate to visit Italy, in terms of appropriate weather, and little congestion, but in the event that the tourist wants to visit beach resorts and popular sites, he should stay away On that, during the months of July and August, due to the crowding that is at its peak, in addition to the intense heat, and given the desire of visitors to swim after the period from May to September, the southern part of the country appears to be the only destination that enables them to do so, as it remains Maintaining enough warmth Due to the geographical, climatic diversity in Italy, the multiplicity of tourist destinations, and cultural events throughout the months of the year, it is difficult to limit the best time to visit it by a specific month, and below comes a summary of the weather, and the most important activities available to tourists in Italy every month throughout the year :
- January: Although this month is considered the coldest in Italy, it is an ideal time to visit winter resorts and enjoy skiing, especially in the Dolomites in northern Italy, or the Apennine Mountains in Abruzzo, and central Italy.
- February: It is the month of carnivals in Italy, the most famous of which is the carnival of Venice. Venice’s streets are filled with loud colors and festive masks, in addition to famous celebrations in the city of Acireale near Sicily, and in Viareggio on the coast of Tuscany, among others.
- March: It marks the beginning of the transition from winter to spring, as it is characterized by fluctuating weather, and in which temperatures begin to rise in general, especially in landlocked cities, as the beaches are still very cold, so it is an ideal time to spend time in those cities with the available Various options from ancient museums, palaces and art galleries to protect against rain.
- April: The Catholic Easter is celebrated throughout all of Italy during this month, especially in the capital, Rome, where Christian rituals are held in the Romen amphitheater in what is known as Good Friday, while the city of Florence witnesses a traditional festivity called Scopio del Carro; it is the ceremonial explosion of the chariot, where Spectators watch fireworks exploding from an antique vehicle, followed by an amazing march in the city.
- May: As the peak season of coastal tourism in Italy begins this month, due to the mild temperatures, the perfect weather, and festivals that visitors in Italy enjoy during this period: the amazing flower festival in Noto, Sicily, and the candlelight race in the picturesque city of Umbria, a celebration held annually Since the year 1160 AD.
- June: During this period, italyn tourism is at its peak. Most of the italyn tourist attractions are crowded with tourists, and the weather is warmer than before. Therefore, some people prefer to go to the beaches of the southern cities, or the quiet hills of Tuscan and the Umbrian countryside. It is worth noting that the historic boat race is held Annually in Venice during this month, which is a rowing race through the city’s canals along thirty kilometers.
- July: There are many cultural events available to visitors to Italy in the summer. Verona hosts one of the most famous classical music festivals in the world, which is the opera festival that takes place in the city’s historic amphitheater. Siena also hosts the first race of the two annual horse races held there.
- August: Most of the italyns go to the beaches or mountains during the month of August, due to the extremely high temperatures, and in this month many stores and companies are closed for two weeks: the second and the third week of the month, so it will be an official national holiday. The second Siena horse race is taking place this month.
- September: Temperatures begin to drop in this month, and many amazing events and celebrations take place in Italy, such as: the historic rowing race in Venice, and the annual Festa di San Gennaro festival in Naples, a religious festival and festive rallies held throughout the city as a whole. . On September 7, the city of Florence will witness the Festa della Rificolona festival, in which the city sky is lit at night with paper lanterns.
- October: Autumn features start this month, with coastal resorts and shops closed to tourists. The main landlocked cities are an ideal tourist destination, such as: Rome, Florence, and Venice. One of the most famous italyn festivals to be held this month is the Chocolate Festival in Perugia, which provides an irreplaceable opportunity for chocolate lovers to enjoy its activities.
- November: Temperatures continue to decrease during this month, and the weather is cool wet. Therefore, it is possible that some tourist attractions are less crowded than previously, so many museums appear empty, as some cultural sites appear to be almost deserted, and in return, visiting Tuscany during this month may be preferred. For those who like olive oil, it gives them an opportunity to obtain samples from the olive harvest.
- December: This month attracts huge crowds of tourists to celebrate Christmas and New Year in all italyn cities, whether Florence, Greater Verona, Milan or the capital, Rome, and which are largely drawn attention during these holidays.
The impact of tourism on the italyn economy
Italy’s domestic economy depends heavily on tourism, by attracting millions of tourists annually, which contributes to the growth of several sectors, including: hotels, transportation services, and entertainment places, which helps the growth of the italyn economy in general.
The impact of tourism on italyn society
يُسهم دعم قطاع السياحة والاهتمام بالبنية التحتيّة للمُدن السياحيّة في إيطاليا في توفير المزيد من فرص العمل، وبالتالي ارتفاع مستوى دخل أفراد المجتمع الايطالي، إلّا أنّ هناك في المقابل مخاوف من التأثير السلبي للاهتمام المُفرط في تراث المدن السياحية ذات الطابع التراثي الثقافي؛ إذ يعتقد البعض أنّ الهوس للحفاظ على هذه الثقافة التراثية قد يجعل تلك المدن تفتقر إلى أنماط الحياة الحديثة. ومن المهم ذكر أنّ الازدحام الدائم في المدن السياحيّة قد يؤثر على حياة السكّان اليوميّة فيها، وقد يُؤدّي إلى نفور بعض المُقيمين، والشركات الاستثماريّة، ويسهم في رحيلهم.
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