Frequently, many questions are asked about what is the capital of Azerbaijan, the country located east of the Caucasus of the Soviet Union since (1936 AD), and it declared its independence in (1991 AD), where its area was estimated at (86,600) square kilometers, while the population reached according to statistics In (2020) about (9,942,000) people.
Its name is attributed to that of the military commander (Atropets) when he was leading the Macedonian Alexander’s army, and after he annexed that town to his rule, he made his army commander a ruler over it.
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The capital of Azerbaijan
- Baku is the capital of Azerbaijan and its largest city in terms of area, as well as the largest cities overlooking the Caspian Sea, and its location specifically in the southern section located on the beach of the Absuran Peninsula.
- Baku is the financial, administrative, cultural and commercial center of Azerbaijan, as well as its transportation center.
- The primary source of Baku’s economy is petroleum, its production and treatment, as well as the manufacture of chemicals and electrical machinery.
- It is an advanced city in terms of trade, industry and education, it includes many educational cultural centers such as museums and theaters, schools and universities.
Azerbaijan includes many tourist attractions, which are a favorite shrine for many of its visitors, as studies and historical evidence have proven that they were inhabited since ancient times, and they left behind and after them many traces, we show some of them in the following paragraph:
Tourist attractions in Baku
- Torch towers: Three very tall skyscrapers were built in two thousand and twelve and were built in a unique architectural style according to the modern style.
- Al-Shroushani Palace: Since the eighteenth century AD, it was controlled by the rulers of Sherwan and they took that palace as their headquarters. It was renovated in two and three thousand AD.
- Virgo: There is a belief that he has been built since ancient times, it is twenty nine meters long.
- Square fountains: A very attractive square and subtle design with a group of wonderful water fountains, located in the city center.
Tourist attractions in Quba
Guba is the center of the carpet industry in Azerbaijan, and a group of carpets that were manufactured in Guba factories for display at the Metropolitan Museum in New York in the current period, dating back to the year (1712 AD).
- Nizami Garden: Characterized by its green nature and charming nature, meets men from the town who are famous for wearing flat caps to drink tea and compete in the domino game.
- Sakina Khanum Mosque: It was built in (1854 AD) by order of (Bakaykhanov) wife of the well-known Azerbaijani writer and scientist, and that was after his death to commemorate his memory, and it is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Azerbaijan.
The language of Azerbaijan
- The official language they have is Azerbaijani, which is included in the list of Turkish languages. It is the language of the hadiths of the people of southwestern Asia. It is also divided into two types, one of them is Azerbaijani, southern and northern.
- Azerbaijani is divided into many dialects such as Qashqai, Turkish gulf, and Seljuk.
Religion of Azerbaijan
- The dominant religion and official religion in Azerbaijan is the Islamic majority of them are Shiite Muslims, and the rest of them follow the Sunnah of the Prophet and it is said that this division does not affect the issue of being an Islamic country in every sense of the word.
- As a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union and the political and military situation in it, Azerbaijan entered other religions as a result of opening borders to foreigners in the year (1980 AD), but those who abandoned the Islamic religion are very few.
As for the currency used in Azerbaijan, it is the Azerbaijani manat, one of which is divided into one hundred divisions of a monetary sub-category known as the Jubic, and it is issued by the National Bank of Azerbaijan in addition to supervising the financial and monetary policy.