What is the capital of Kyrgyzstan

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The capital of the Kyrgyz state

The city of Bishkek is the capital of Kyrgyzstan, and the most densely populated city, and the city has an area of ​​approximately 169.6 square kilometers, and is located at an altitude of about 792.48 meters opposite the northern end of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too mountain range, and it is worth noting that the city of Bishkek lives It contains approximately 66% of Kyrgyz, as well as approximately 22% of Europeans, and the official language of the city is the Russian language.

The history of the city of Bishkek

The name of the city of Bishkek is derived from the pit or water well called (Ewaso Nyirobi), meaning cold water, and the first settlement in the Bishkek region was the construction of the Khoqand authorities for a castle in it called Pishpek in 1825 AD, where the goal of The construction of this fortress controlled the trade route passing through that area and collected taxes, but the castle was destroyed in 1860 AD by Russian forces, and a Russian settlement was established on the same site in 1868 AD, and the city retained the name of Bishbek.

Bishkek became the capital of the Kyrgyz SSR in 1925, and in 1991 AD the name of the city was changed to Bishkek, and a year after the name was changed, the city became the independent capital of Kyrgyzstan after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Bishkek city features

The city of Bishkek is distinguished by its extensive network of streets surrounded by trees on its sides, and there are many gardens, orchards, and mountains covered with snow permanently, especially in the southern side of it, as there are many government buildings, theaters, and local academies of science, and the city includes a university Kyrgyz government, and several training institutes in the medical, agricultural and technical fields.
The industrial sector in the city of Bishkek has developed in two phases. Until 1941 AD, the focus was on food industries, and other light industries using local raw materials, but it moved to manufacturing heavy machinery and works after the evacuation of heavy industries from western Russia during World War II. The city witnessed an acceleration in development, particularly in the 1960s.

Tourism in the city of Bishkek

Bishkek is famous for many attractions that can be visited, including:

  • The National Museum of Fine Arts: The National Museum of Fine Arts is one of the most popular attractions to visit in Bishkek, as it contains a wide range of Kyrgyz embroideries, carpets and paintings, and many periodic exhibitions of works related to domestic and international tourism were held there.
  • Dubovy Park: Dubovy Park is one of the many beautiful and famous landmarks in Bishkek, which is characterized by the presence of an open garden of sculptures in the middle of oak trees, and is located behind the famous statue of Kormangan Datca in the region, and many paintings of a local character are sold in the park.
  • Nisa Art Museum: This museum was originally built as a cathedral for Saint Nicholas, but during the Soviet period the church tower was removed and this space was converted into an art museum, and this place hosts many local art galleries that change every six to eight weeks.
  • Exhibition M: Gallery M, which consists of one room, hosts several periodic exhibitions of works of local artists in the first place, and many of these paintings are displayed for sale, as well as a collection of souvenirs specialized in applied arts in the exhibition.

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