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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka or Sri Lanka is an island country located in the northern Indian Ocean, south of the Indian subcontinent, in the southern part of the continent of Asia, and its political system is distinguished as a multi-party presidential republic, and the president of the republic is considered a head of state and executive authority at the same time, and according to statistical studies for the year 2010 The population of the Republic is about 21.48 million, and despite the low rate of population growth since 1971, it still maintains its young population structure.

The capital of Sri Lanka

Sri Jayawardenapura Koti is the capital of Sri Lanka, located in the eastern suburb of the commercial capital Colombo and is called most of the time in the territory of the new capital, and is located in the city, the Parliament of Sri Lanka, which was built on April 29, 1982 AD, and the economic and commercial capital of the Republic is Sri Lanka located in the southwest coast along the Kuti.


The population of the capital is multi-ethnic and multi-religious, and their ethnic origin is Sinhalese, some of them are Tamils, Malay, Muslims, Moro and Burgers, descendants of the Dutch and Portuguese colonists, and there are minorities of them of the Chinese, Malaysian, and Indian race, and according to the 2014 census studies, the city population is about 126 thousand Nesma, the majority of Kutis convert to Buddhism with minorities from Christianity, Islam and Hinduism.

National anthem

The national anthem adopted in the capital is Sri Lanka Matha, meaning Sri Lanka, and the anthem is composed by Ananda Samaracon, which was just a patriotic song that sings unity, independence and freedom, and was chosen from among the national songs because of its popularity and popularity at the time, and was adopted for three years as an unofficial national anthem For Sri Lanka, in 1978 AD the hymn was adopted and delineated in the constitution of the Republic.

Literature and media

The capital of Sri Lanka is distinguished by the development of the media, as the media sector Jaffna visited the city from the mid-1800s, and in 1863 CE, Ceylon missiles were published to defend them locally and weekly, and Jaffna sought to publish and publish magazines that led to the growth of modern literature due to targeting the social class in The city, during the civil war, targeted a large number of publishers, writers, and journalists, and the city’s media were subject to severe censorship.


The city was between (1415 AD -1565 AD) the capital of the Sinhalese Kutti kingdom, and the city was subject to Portuguese colonialism, because the King of Sri Lanka welcomed the Portuguese at the beginning of the year 1505 AD, and despite their military and monopoly intentions, he was not aware of the danger that would befall Sri Lanka, and as soon as its intentions emerged, the Kingdom managed Neighboring “Setawaka” to confront them and forced them to abandon Kuti, which led to a change of destination and their move to Colombo to take them as their capital, and the city began to build a trench and barricade to deal with the attacks, as a new parliament was opened in 1982 and a group of modern buildings was built to match With the political and administrative capital of Sri Lanka.


The city contains the oldest college in Sri Lanka known as “Christian College”, in which “Ananda” is the oldest Buddhist school in the city, and “Nogigoda” is the largest Buddhist school for girls located in South Asia and has more than 5000 students.

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