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Phnom Penh is the capital of Cambodia

The city of Phnom Penh (English: Phnom Penh) is the capital of the State of Cambodia, and its most densely populated city, with a population of about two million people, most of whom are Cambodians and accounted for approximately 90% of the population, while the rest are from China and Vietnam, and Phnom Penh is located in Southeast of the Indochina Peninsula, at the confluence of the Mekong, Pasak and Tonle Sap, with an area of ​​about 679 square kilometers, consisting of 12 administrative divisions called Khan, this city plays an important role in providing economic, political, social and other opportunities for its various residents.

History of the city of Phnom Penh

The city of Phnom Penh was founded in the fourteenth century AD, and it became the capital of Cambodia in 1867 AD, as it became the cultural and commercial center for it, and this city was occupied by the Japanese during the Second World War, as it was subjected to severe pressure and civil wars in the seventies of the last century, where the war led Between the Cambodian government forces and the Khmer Rouge the displacement of many rural residents to the capital, Phnom Penh, which led to a significant increase in their number as it moved from 500,000 to 2 million in early 1975 AD, until the Khmer Rouge was defeated And their overthrow in 1979 AD, as the city became more like The city of ghosts, and its universities and cultural institutions have declined dramatically, until the year 1988 AD, when its institutions flourished again.

Characteristics of the city of Phnom Penh

Phnom Penh is located 290 kilometers from the sea, and is a major port for the Mekong River Valley, where it is linked to the South China Sea through Vietnam, which made the fish trade flourish in this city, where its residents trade in dried fish, corn, cotton, and pepper, and the city is composed It consists of four highways, in addition to three rail lines linking it with other cities in Cambodia, as it consists of a seaport, and there is an international airport for domestic and foreign trips.

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