Table of Contents
The city of Vienna
Vienna is the capital of the Republic of Austria, and it is located in the eastern part of it, near the borders of Hungary (Hungary), the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and its area is approximately 415 square kilometers. It should be noted that Vienna is the largest city in Austria in terms of population, with an estimated population of about 1,867,960 people in 2020, and it is one of the most densely populated European cities as well; it ranks seventh among the largest cities in the European Union in terms of population.
A brief history of Vienna
The capital Vienna has a rich history, rich with historical events and wars over time. The Celtic people were the first to reside in 500 BC, and later Vienna witnessed great growth, in the fifteenth century, when it became the actual capital of the Romen Empire. As for the modern history of Vienna, it witnessed the choice of Vienna as the capital of the Austrian Empire, in the Napoleonic Wars in the early nineteenth century, and in the Second World War, Austria invaded Nazi Germany, but Austria’s alliance with the Soviet army side by side with the American air forces, The British had a notable effect in driving the Nazis out of Vienna even though much of their infrastructure was destroyed during this war.
Vienna in the international perspective
Vienna is an important regional and international hub, as it attracts many foreign investments estimated at 60% of Austria’s total economy, and includes many of the headquarters of global and large companies, the most important of which is the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and it also hosts many international conferences Like the summits that numbered (202) conferences were held in Vienna during the year 2014 AD.
The trade and industry sector is one of the sectors that support the Vienna economy, in addition to the government and public services sector, which is the largest economic sector in it, as it contributes to about 85.5% of the city’s economy, and provides thousands of jobs to the Vienna population, knowing that Vienna provides approximately a quarter of the jobs in The Republic of Austria, which produces about a third of its gross domestic product, and the tourism sector plays an important role in supporting the economy of the Republic of Austria, where Vienna is a popular tourist destination in Europe, as it is visited by at least two million tourists per year.
The most important tourist attractions in Vienna
In Vienna, there are many tourist attractions that contribute to attracting millions of tourists annually, the most prominent of which are:
- Schonbrunn Palace: This palace is considered the most attractive area for tourists to Vienna, as it attracts more than two million visitors annually, and the history of this palace dates back to 300 years ago, as it was built by the Habsburg Kings.
- Vienna Zoo: It is called the Schönbrunn Zoo, and it is the oldest zoo in the world, where about two million tourists visit it every year.
- Opera House: Vienna is the cultural center of Austria, and one of the most famous capitals in the world in world music. It contains two main opera houses: the State Opera House and the People’s Opera House, which are among the most prominent and famous opera houses in the world.