What is the name of the capital of Canada

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Introduction to Canada

Canada occupies an area of ​​ten million square kilometers, which makes it ranks as the second largest city in the world, with a coastal area of ​​more than two hundred thousand km, where its borders combine between three oceans, as the Atlantic Ocean borders it to the east, and to the west the Pacific Ocean, and to the north is bordered by the ocean Arctic, and shares its borders with the United States on the northwest, and south.
The population density in Canada is about 35,881,659 million people, according to a statistic published in 2020, but the population numbers vary from one region to another, and the reason behind this is due to the influence of some factors related to history, economy, and climate, where most northern regions suffer from low population density Because of the cold climate, while most of the population is concentrated in the city of Ontario, Quebec, Alberta, and southwestern British Columbia, and for the administrative division of Canada, it includes ten provinces, and three provinces each province has its own capital, all of which are divided into five main regions.

Ottawa is the capital of Canada

Ottawa is the administrative, federal, and political capital of Canada, and it is considered the fourth largest city in it, and is characterized by the abundance of museums, festivals, and performing arts, despite its relatively small size, and the national region maintains the Canadian heritage and the ancient shown environment, which has an area of ​​4,700 km Square around Ottawa, this is noteworthy that it includes many distinctive old buildings, and those built on the Victorian style, as for the reason for its name with this name, it is more likely that “Ottawa” is derived from the word Algonquian, and they are the first to reside in it, where they settled for a periodLimited in the valley of the Ottawa River during the seventeenth century, and their homes extended to Lake Huron in the west, and they were then famous for the trade profession, specifically the local fur trade.

Toronto is the economic capital of Canada

Toronto is the economic capital of Canada, and it was ranked 10th in the world in terms of economic power alongside Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay, according to a classification published by Forbes magazine, and this classification included many of the criteria that were applied to Fifty-eight urban cities, among these criteria: the flexibility of air contact with other international cities, the magnitude of the region’s attraction for foreign investment, the concentration of the headquarters of various institutions and companies, the productive power, the strength of banking, technology, and media services, and ethnic diversity, Where the city of Toronto has met many of these standards, and has become the focus of attention of international investors around the world.

Reason for choosing Ottawa as the capital of Canada

Geographical nature made the city of Ottawa the capital of Canada, and this began when the northern part of the Rideau Canal was built in 1826 AD, and the population settled in the southern part of the Ottawa River, and an area known as the Baytown was established along the waterway linking the cities of Toronto to Kingston And became connected with all other regions by means of water transport, which led to a significant increase in population growth, and merged it into a big city, and changed its name to Ottawa in 1855 AD.

History of Ottawa

The future Ottawa site appeared in the writings of the founder of New France, Samuel de Champlain in 1613 CE, describing its extended rivers and used as corridors for explorers and merchants, and the Ottawa River Valley was among them; where it was used during the period between 1792-1815 AD to transport wood and manufacture it to build ships, which This led to a lot of loggers and mobile workers to trade in wood. In the year 1812 AD, during the war in Britain and the United States, the river became more vulnerable, so the British decided to convert the Rideau River into a canal, for use in transport and shipping, and to transfer traffic from the Ottawa River to St. For Chowder, take Kingston a way back.
Royal Architect John Bay built the Rideau canal, and he and his soldiers set up in the Genoese bank of the river, and established a region for them there that later developed into Ottawa, and the canal flourished a lot, as it was not only a military target, but was used to transport Wood, goods, and individuals, especially after the increase in American demand for wood during the nineteenth century, was one of the main factors that led to an increase in population growth in Ottawa, then Canada was united as one province after a number of political unrest within the British Canadian colonies, and these disorders increased when Choose the capital of Canada th Penned.
Although Ottawa was one of the strong names nominated from among cities to be the capital because of its location and easy access to it by rail, its selection was a surprise to many, due to its relatively small size and being a border region, in 1857 AD Queen Victoria Ottawa chose the capital of the province of Canada On New Year’s Eve, this choice was approved by the executive authority of the county government, and in 1866 AD Ottawa became the capital of the province of Canada, before Canada became a state in 1867 AD. Since that time Ottawa is still the Canadian capital and the only administrative center in Canada.

Geography in Ottawa

Location

Ottawa is located in the province of Ontario, along the Ottawa River in the eastern region of southern Ontario, and is the sixth largest city in Canada, and the second largest city in the province, covering an area of ​​2,778.13 square kilometers, and its astronomical location is determined by a latitude of 45.41 latitude and longitude – 75.70, and rising from sea level by 71 meters.

the climate

The temperatures in the capital Ottawa vary between summer and winter, where the sub-continental climate prevails, and temperatures are high in summer and cold in winter, due to the geographical nature of the city of Ottawa, unlike various other cities of Ontario, because of its distance from the shores of Lake Ontario, and for snowfall increases Snow depth of about one centimeter in about 120 days a year, compared to only 56 days in Toronto. Ottawa is also the seventh coldest region around the world, with the highest average temperature recorded in January -6.1 ° C, and the lowest average temperature recorded -15.3 ° C, while the summer is relatively short, but warm and humid, and July is the most common month A rise in temperature, as temperatures may reach 26.5 ° C during the day, while it may drop at night to reach 15.4 ° C.

The autumn season witnesses a clear climate diversity, as temperatures do not settle according to one rate, but they remain within 13-19 ° C, and in some cases they may rise to 27.8 °, and the spring is similar to autumn in terms of unstable temperatures, and the difficulty of possibility Launching a general description of the climate, and temperatures may reach their highest or lowest levels during consecutive days, but it is possible to say that the period of late spring and early autumn is one of the best times to visit Ottawa, as the temperatures become moderate, and the chances of warming decrease Humidity, and also low.

Demography in Ottawa

There are approximately 1,393,086 people in the Canadian capital, according to its last census in 2020, with a population density of 317 people per square kilometer. Ottawa is characterized by the ethnic diversity of its population; and it hosts many different origins and nationalities around the world, where the proportion of foreign residents not born in it 24 %, While the proportion of its indigenous citizens reaches 2.1%, according to the last statistic conducted in 2011 of the total population, as there are multiple religions and sects among the Ottawa population, where 65% of its population belongs to the Christian religion in different sects, and 6.7% to Islamic religion, 1.4% to Hinduism, and 1.3% To Buddhism, and 1.2% to Judaism, while 23% of the population have no religious affiliation.

The official language in Ottawa

Ottawa is a bilingual city, in which the French and English languages ​​are used, and the percentage of people who are proficient in speaking is about 38%, and the proportion of English language users as the official language is about 59% of the total population, while the proportion of the French language is 1%, and when speaking As for the mother tongue in Ottawa, the proportion of those who speak English is 61%, and French speakers are 14%, which is higher compared to other Canadian cities except Montreal, while the percentage of the population who owns a language other than French or English is about 22%, according to Statistics conducted in 2 016 m.

Governance policies in Ottawa

The gradual and effective organization began in Ottawa when forming the so-called Municipal Politics, which relied on the formation of the Council Committee system in 1908 AD, and a regional authority was established to provide services to all municipalities in 1969 AD, and since 2001 there has been one authority made up of an elected president The Municipal Council and 23 councilors are also elected to administer the city, and each member of the municipality serves only 4 years. In 2011, the Ottawa Authority achieved the Amalgamation of eleven municipalities and regional governments that had been established in 1969 AD, as the regional boundaries divided the urban area that is located Two thirds of the city of Ontario, and one third The other one is in Quebec City, and the Quebec government has merged a number of Ottawa municipalities into the city of Gatineau.

Economy in Ottawa

There are many areas that contribute to the development of the economy in the Canadian capital. The advanced technology sector and the federal government sector are among the most important sectors on which the economy relies in Ottawa, where they represent 37% of the gross domestic product, and provide high-paying jobs. And functional stability, as the rural sector contributes effectively to the economy in Ottawa, where the contribution of its various fields reached more than one billion dollars of the gross domestic product, and the profit resulting from agriculture was estimated at 400 million dollars, and the contribution of rural employment reached 18% during the period between 1996Until 2001, which includes retail sales, construction, mining, tourism, manufacturing, commercial services, transportation, etc., which confirmed the value of Ottawa and considered an appropriate place to live and work, and it is worth noting that the average household income in the capital is the highest of Among the six largest cities in Canada, in 2006 the employment rate increased dramatically in the first six months, and the unemployment level decreased by 4.8%.

Education in Ottawa

Students in the capital achieve higher than average degrees among other provinces in various fields such as reading, writing, and mathematics, and education is free for the elementary and general secondary levels. To clarify the educational levels in Ottawa can be divided as follows:

  • Kindergarten: In the year 2010 AD, the Ontario government implemented a non-compulsory custody system which they called (full-day kindergarten) between the ages of 4-5 years, and this system was welcomed by many schools.
  • Primary and secondary education: This stage, which extends between 6-18 years, is considered compulsory, as students enter between 6-13 years in the elementary stage, and from the age of 13-18 in the secondary stage, and the educational material is presented in a highly efficient manner of all kinds in the various educational stages, along with Teaching both French and English in government school systems, and one of the amenities that the government provides for students is to provide transportation to and from school in accordance with a number of criteria set by the school, such as the distance from school to home, grade level, and others.
  • University education: University education offers a number of different educational fields to all high school graduates, and specialized learning schools alike, and the costs of university study vary according to the major to be studied. It is indicated that colleges and universities in Ottawa attract students from more than a hundred countries around the world.

Industry in Ottawa

Ottawa provides many employment and creativity opportunities for its residents, and for foreigners coming from outside Canada, and those who have sufficient skill and experience, and are looking to settle in it, which made it one of the largest Canadian cities contributing to the Canadian economy, and the Ottawa labor market provides an opportunity to teach industrial crafts, along with Business compatible with the various skills possessed by individuals; which led to low unemployment rates and the prosperity of the economic sector, and the diversity and diversity of industries in the city are indicated, where Ottawa is distinguished by the magnitude of the industry in it, from simple household appliances to the car industry, in addition to To modern and advanced industries.

Culture in Ottawa

The capital Ottawa seeks to enhance the cultural aspect inside and outside Canada, as well as being home to many different assets and societies, and a preferred destination for migration by tourists, investors, and talents, and because of the supporters of Canadian heritage there, and those who seek to highlight it through festivals, shows, etc., have become Ottawa is the international cultural capital of the whole world, not just Canada.

Tourism in Ottawa

Ottawa is distinguished for being home to many Canadian national museums, and tourist attractions are an important attraction for tourists, the most important of which are:

  • Canadian Parliament: The parliament is characterized by its location overlooking the Ottawa River, and it is one of the most famous places in the capital, as it includes three federal government buildings built in the Gothic style, and provides visitors with the opportunity to witness celebrations to change the Republican Guard, and enjoy various offers.
  • Rideau Channel: The Rideau Canal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which provides visitors with the opportunity to enjoy cycling on the banks of the canal, and boat rides in its waters that extend 7.8 km to downtown Ottawa, with the ability to experience skiing on the frozen waterway in the winter.
  • National museums: The capital Ottawa contains seven out of nine national museums in Canada that contain many ancient arts and treasures, such as: dinosaur fossils, ancient Canadian arts, and other monuments that reflect the features of Canadian civilization.
  • Byward Market: ByWard Market is the name of the neighborhood in it, as it is one of the oldest and largest farmers’ markets in Canada, as it contains four buildings interested in selling handicrafts, in addition to the presence of many distinct restaurants, cafes, and bakery stores.
  • Ottawa River: The Ottawa River is one of the best places in Ottawa for recreational activities, such as biking on bridges, boating, or even enjoying the opportunity to see the sunset view.

Main cuisine in Ottawa

The Canadian capital is characterized by many delicious and well-known classic dishes, which are easy to prepare. These include the following:

  • Duck confit: (Les Fougères ’Duck Confit) This recipe was characterized by the development of its mixture for more than twenty years until it reached the present taste, and is characterized by its fragility and its delicacy, and it is preferable to serve it with potatoes.
  • Salmon Penne: (Benny’s Bistro Salmon Gravlax) consists of salmon with eggs, and potato salad, and it is decorated with a little olive.
  • Chicken with sauce: This dish (The SmoQue Shack’s BBQ Chicken) is prepared by grilling chicken with a little spicy mixture of sugar, honey, salt, Smoke Shack sauce and a little vanilla.
  • Roast beef: This Absinthe’s Steak Frites dish consists of marinated grilled meat with hot french fries.
  • Toffee pie: This pie (Allium’s Banoffee Pie) contains layers of creamy tofu, bananas, with a bunch of whipped cream, all covered with bars of chocolate.

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