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Khamis Mushait

Khamis Mushait is one of the Saudi cities that is located in the center of the Asir region, bordered to the northeastern city by Abha, and from the northern side by one of Rafidah, and from the eastern side, the plains of the Hejaz Mountains extend until the Valley of the Attod meets the Wadi Bisha.

Khamis Mushait is one of the largest cities in the south of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in terms of area and population, and is the fourth largest commercial center in the Kingdom, but it is a tourist and commercial city that occupies a great place in Asir.

Its climate

It dominates the mild climate in the summer and cold in the winter, and is characterized by the severe rain which made its lands fertile and fruitful, and most of the land is cultivated with fruit trees, as it is considered an ideal and unique tourist destination in the Saudi region with its atmosphere and stunning scenery.

Its history

Khamis Mushait is one of the historical cities that underwent a series of changes in its name, where it was called (Jerash) and this name was mentioned in several references, including the book Al-Hamdani and some hadiths and what it says about the migration of the people of Jerash to Medina in the time of our master Muhammad, may God bless him Peace be upon him, and after that the name was changed to Shukr – by the Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – a small mountain on the western side of your enclave and it still has the same name. As for the series of successive names throughout history, it was as follows:

  • Jerash: It was called by this name during the reign of King Nafil bin Habib Al-Khathami, and his famous story when facing Abraha Al-Ashram.
  • Thursday Oasis: This name was given in the era of Bani Sarh of the Rashid family.
  • Khamis bin Hamdan: It was given this name due to the presence of the Thursday market in it, and Hamdan due to the family of the Hamdan family from the Rashid Al-Khathami family.
  • Khamis Shahran: It is in relation to the Khuraman Khuramite tribe, and it kept this name for several centuries until 1404 AH.
  • Khamis Mushayt: It is the current name of this city and it was officially taken since 1404 AH, by decision of King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz, according to Prince Mushayt Al-Ghanoumi Al-Rashidi Al-Shaarani.

Its most famous features

  • Al-Hawashi Mosque: It is the largest mosque in the region built at the time of the Ottoman Empire, and it is called the Thursday Mosque.
  • Ibn Mushayt Archaeological Palace: It is located in the Mrayet area near the new civil hospital, and the Ottoman character in the building dominates all the archaeological and architectural areas in Khamis Mushayt and also includes houses and hotels.
  • The parks that extend the streets and between the buildings in a regular and orderly way, and they are among the areas that most witness family and tourist gatherings.
  • Heritage: It is a region that resembles the fortress to a large extent, where all the traces of past and present civilizations are gathered, and it is characterized by the wooden construction method in the ceilings, ceramics and inscriptions on both sides of the fort.

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