In the following paragraphs we will show you an article about Mecca in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, so Mecca or what is called the mother of villages, is the city in which the best of the people was born, and he is our master Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, whom God sent guided and light to the worlds, and there is in that The city has many great Islamic monuments, such as the kiss of Muslims in the Sacred Mosque, which millions of Muslims wear in a general year, meaning the Hajj of the House of God, the Exalted, the Exalted, the history of the city’s foundation dates back to before the birth of the Prophet of God, Ismail, peace be upon him, who was assisted by his father Ibrahim, peace be upon him Lift the foundations for building the house of God by order of the mall The Almighty, Islam entered the city in the seventh century A.D., in the Islamic conquest of Mecca in the year 630 A.D., and God Almighty mentioned it in his book and he said, “This is a book that we have revealed with a blessed and true, which is between him and his time.” The following is from the Arab travelers. We will show you information about Mecca.

An article about Mecca and its geographical location

The city of Makkah is located in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, specifically on the western side of the Kingdom, and the distance between it and the city of Taif is about one hundred and twenty kilometers, as well as four hundred kilometers from the city of Medina, as for the distance between it and the Red Sea and the city of Jeddah, it reaches seventy kilometers meter.
Astronomically, Mecca is located on the longitude 39.81667 degrees, which is located east of the Greenwich Line, and the latitude over which the city is located is 21.41667 degrees, and that circle is located north of the equator

The climate of Mecca

We find that the geographical location of Makkah has affected its climate significantly. The dry desert climate prevails in which the temperature rises in Mecca, and its occurrence near the Red Sea coast made the winter warm and moderate, but in the summer, the temperature rises significantly, where It reaches 49 ° C often, and the city is constantly subject to flooding in the monsoon months.

Population in Mecca

The population of Makkah Al-Mukarramah is 196,7094 people, according to the statistics provided in 2020 AD, and statistics show that the population is constantly increasing and increasing, it is expected that their number in 2030 AD will be approximately 2379284 people.
As for the demographics in Makkah, we find that it is devoid of the difference in religious belief and doctrines, so all the residents who reside in it adhere to the Islamic religion, because it prevents people who convert to other religions from entering the city, but we find the difference is clear in the ethnic affiliation in Mecca, so the city includes Symptoms are of different nationalities, and many people live in East and Southern Asia, and from Europe, Africa and Central Asia.
We find that the largest percentage is made up of a population whose origins are traced back to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and that proportion constitutes approximately 75% of the total population, while the smaller percentage, which is 25%, consists of different nationalities, such as the Sudanese, Egyptians, Bengalis, Pakistanis, and Burmese, Malians, and the official language spoken by the residents of the city is Arabic.

The most famous landmarks of Mecca

There are many Islamic monuments in Mecca, which are visited by millions of people annually around the world, with the intention of performing the Hajj of the House of God and performing the Umrah rituals. Among these are:

  • Sacred Mosque: The mosque is located in the center of the city of Mecca, and it is one of the greatest mosques in the history of the Islamic nation, because it includes the Kaaba.
  • Holy Kaaba: The Kaaba is located in the Grand Mosque in Mecca, has a square body and rises from the surface of the earth, and the Kaaba is covered with a garment made of silk that is covered with black color, and it is one of the cleanest and holiest parts of the earth, and it is also the qiblah that Muslims pray toward.
  • Zamzam well: It is a blessed water well, and it is located in the Sacred Mosque. It is a miracle that God the Almighty gave to give water to the Prophet of God Ismail and his mother Hajar.
  • Hira: The laurel is located in the east of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, specifically in Jabal Al-Nur, and the distance between it and the Grand Mosque is approximately four kilometers, and it is one of the holy places in Islamic history, because God has revealed revelation to the Messenger of God, peace be upon him, in this laurel.


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