The wonders of the ancient world number seven
The number of ancient wonders of the world was seven, and it was the most famous in classical antiquity, and these effects covered the Mediterranean and the Middle East, which is the world known to the ancient Greeks, and these effects reflect the mastery and skill of Greek historians, and at this time only one of the ancient wonders is still standing It is the Great Pyramid of Giza, and these are the names of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World:
- The Great Pyramid.
- Halicarnassus Mausoleum.
- Statue of Zeus.
- Lighthouse of Alexandria.
- Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
- Temple of Artemis.
- Rhodes Statue.
The Great Pyramid
The Great Pyramid, which is located in Giza, is considered one of the first seven wonders of the ancient world, and it is known as the pyramid of Khufu, and it is the only one that has survived to our time, and reached a length of 140 meters. A piece of limestone, weighing from 2 to 70 tons, and was built with great precision as it is difficult to repeat at the present time.Read:Landmarks of Pharaonic Egypt
This mausoleum was built for the second ruler of Mossoulos of Kariya, one of the Persian rulers, who died in 353 BC, and the final mausoleum building was composed of three styles drawn from three different cultures: Al-Mudariyah, Greek, and Lycian, and in the early thirteenth century it A series of earthquakes destroyed the columns of the shrine, and in 1522 the army of St. John used the shrine stones to make a fortress for the castle in Bodrum, and in the nineteenth century British archaeologist Charles Thomas Newton discovered the remains of the shrine, which are two statues, a broken cart wheel, and some foundations, It was placed in the mobile British P.
Statue of Zeus
The statue of Zeus represents a picture of the Greek god Zeus when he sits on his throne, and is covered with a dress of gold and ivory skin. The Greek, but it did not fit the size of the temple, and upon the arrival of the Christians they destroyed the temple, due to the prohibition of all symbols associated with pagan worship, and the statue was moved to the city of Constantinople, but was later destroyed by an earthquake during the time period between the sixth and fifth centuries AD.Read:The most important sights in Penang
Lighthouse of Alexandria
The lighthouse of Alexandria was founded in the third century B.C. in Egypt, specifically within the city of Alexandria in the era of the Ptolemaic kingdom, and it was known as the Pharos of Alexandria, through the Greek engineer Sostratus, and the lighthouse remained the longest man-made landmark in the world for many centuries, where its height ranged between (118- 137) meters away, and the lighthouse was used to provide assistance to ships and boats while in the Nile, and Julius Caesar during his attack on the city helped to control it.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were created in order to present a gift to the wife of the ruler Nebuchadnezzar II during the time period between 605 – 562 BC, and it was described as containing strange forms of animals and a group of plants, up to about 22.86 meters high, but a clear controversy arose about the truth of the Gardens of Babylon Pending, because there is no information about it in the ancient history of Babylon.
Temple of Artemis
The Temple of Artemis is located in the city of Ephesus, one of the colonies of ancient Greece in Asia Minor, where it took about 120 years to build the temple, and its construction was completed in 550 BC, and its height reached about 129.54 meters, its width reached 68.58 meters, and was built in the Kingdom of Lydia during the rule of King Crosus, and the temple was one of the amazing buildings at that time, and in the year 356 BC a person called Herostratus set fire to all parts of the temple, and the temple was built again after it was burned, but when the Goths attacked the city they destroyed the temple again, and later it was rebuilt but was permanently destroyed When the Christians arrived, they stayed St. John the Golden to the city in the year 401 AD.Read:The most prominent tourist attractions in the world
The statue of Rhodes, the sculptor Charris, was designed to be a statue of the Greek god Helios. It was built during the time period ranging from (292 – 280) BC, and the statue depicted the Greek sun god raising a torch in one hand and a spear in the other hand, and the statue was classified in that era as the tallest statues, As it reached a height of about 30 meters, and its size is estimated to be equal to the size of the Statue of Liberty in New York, American, the statue was destroyed as a result of earthquakes.