Potsdam is the capital of Brandenburg State, which is located 40 km southwest of Berlin in the beautiful region of forests and lakes. It is the former residence of the Prussian rulers in the city of palaces and gardens, which was named after the Potsdam Rococo.
Potsdam had been inhabited since the Bronze Age, and its importance increased under the rule of Frederick the Great, and in 1774 it contained 139 barracks and other military buildings in Potsdam, which worked to enhance capital. Moreover, new palaces were built with the entire sectors of Baroque homes . Today, there are many beautiful sights of the city that are protected by UNESCO from the palaces and gardens of Berlin and Potsdam as a World Heritage. The remains of Frederick the Great were brought in 1990.
Information about Potsdam
Potsdam is the capital of the German federal state Brandenburg. It is directly bordered by the German capital Berlin and part of Berlin / Brandenburg in the Capital Territory. Potsdam is located on the Havel river, 24 kilometers (15 miles) southwest of Berlin city center. Potsdam was the residence of the kings of Prussia and the German Kaiser, until 1918. Around the city, there is a series of interconnected lakes and cultural monuments, in particular the gardens and palaces of Sanssouci, which are listed as Germany’s largest world heritage site. The Potsdam Conference and the post-World War II conference are one of the major conferences between the victorious allies, which are held in the last palace in the region, and Siselenhof.

Babelsberg is located in the southeastern part of Potsdam, and is characterized by the main pre-war film production studio, which has been a great success as a major center for European film production since the fall of the Berlin Wall. Filmstudio Film Studio is located in Babelsberg as the oldest large-scale film studio in the world.
The area was formed from a series of large Moorenes after the last Ice Age. Potsdam today is the city with the largest green areas, with just a quarter of the region as an urban area. There are about 20 lake lakes and rivers in and around Potsdam, such as Havel, Griebnitzsee, Templiner, Jungfernsee, Teltowkanal, Heiliger. The highest point is 114 meters (374 feet). Potsdam is divided into seven of the city’s historical districts, which joined the city in 2003. North and central regions come to consist of historical buildings, and the south of the city is dominated by large areas of the latest buildings.
the climate
Potsdam’s climate has a humid continental climate with cold, snowy winters and hot summers. The winters are cooler with temperatures reaching 0 ° C and a minimum temperature of -5 ° C. Snow falls in winter. The summer in Potsdam is very hot with the temperature rising to 24 ° C and the minimum temperature being 14 ° C.
Tourism in German Potsdam
Potsdam has many attractive tourist sites, which attract many visitors, including:
Sanssouci Park
Sanssouci Garden is a park that stands out among its beautiful gardens, buildings and artwork. The oldest part of the park dates back to 1744, along with many buildings and artworks that display the best example of the Potsdam of the Rococo, as it reflects the influence of Friedrich the Great. The park entrance is located at the eastern end of Hauptallee. There is the beautiful Neptune Cave, as one of a series of garden ornaments, and has an impressive gallery of paintings in the orange roundabout with many paintings dating back to the 17th century, including the works of Robins, Van Dyck, and Caravaggio. There is a large fountain with its four-element data and legendary characters.
Address: Visit Historischen MUHLE 1,14469 Potsdam

Sanssouci Palace and the New Rooms
Built in 1745, the Sanssouci Palace is the palace with its paintings from Frederick the Great. As a result, the construction of the palace is due to the magnificent Rococo construction with the oval dome in the middle of the stunning circular rooms. The front of the garden is characterized by rich stucco decorations, while the back comes as a large Al Bahah, surrounded by Corinthian columns. Among the most prominent interior features are the oval marble hall, with its double Corinthian columns, in addition to the Little Gallery and elaborate decorations. The library has many antique statues; Voltaire’s room. Tours lasting approximately 40 minutes are available with audio guides.
Address: Maulbeerallee, 14469 Potsdam
The New Palace at Sanssouci
The new palace, or Neus Palace, is the palace built between 1763-1769, and marked by the copper dome. It was designed to be the luxurious interiors of the palace, especially in the marble hall, the upper and lower area of ​​the state apartments, the marble gallery, and the theater. The palace contains valuable furniture, pictures, ceramics, and artwork. There are two brick buildings in the Baroque style with colonnaded arcades and arched exterior stairs. There are Corinthian columns, and the arch of victory between the two buildings. The old temple is in front of the new palace as well as a friendship-based temple of drawings by Frederick the Great.
Address: Sanssouci, 14469 Potsdam
The Old Town Hall
Potsdan Old Market Hall or Square is the hall now known as the center of events and cultural activities. This magnificent Baroque building was built in 1753 to be a three-quarter Corinthian column in length. Construction began on a large scale after World War II, as it was built for use in organizing exhibitions and concerts with the display of a distinctive art collection at the Potsdam Museum. This square is distinguished by its culture and history, and also used for cultural programs.

Cecilienhof, Neuer Garten
Cecilienhof is one of the most interesting places among many other buildings found in Neuer Garten. Built between 1914-1917 in a country style by Tudor English, Cecilienhof is the most famous meeting venue for the Potsdam Conference from July to August 1945, between the United States (Truman) and the United Kingdom (Churchill), and the Soviet Union (Stalin) at the end of World War II. Siselenhof is the impressive building preserved in its condition during the conference – including the main conference hall itself – and there are still many artworks in this place. Among the highlights of the area are the obelisk in the courtyard and beautiful royal gardens.
Address: D-14469 Potsdam
Neuer Garten and Marmorpalais
Another large park in Potsdam, Neuer Garten (New Garden), which is located on the shores of Heiliger, covers an area of ​​253 acres. The park is characterized by a magnificent landscape in its emotional style dating back to the late 18th century, which was developed in 1789, to reflect the wonderful style of the real estate countryside of the English countries. There are gardens that should be highlighted in the beautiful Marble Palace (Marmorpalais), a neoclassical mansion built between 1787-1791. A notable feature of the garden is the columnar porch on the lake side, as well as the unique cold storage room in the form of a pyramid or cold store.
Address: 14467 Potsdam

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