The geographical location of the State of Malaysia
Malaysia is one of the countries of Southeast Asia, and it is located just north of the equator, and it consists of two non-adjacent parts: the Malaysian peninsula located in the Malay Peninsula and it is sometimes known as West Malaysia or (Malaysia: Barat), along with East Malaysia located on the island Borneo, sometimes known as Malaysia Timur, is mentioned that the capital city of Kuala Lumpur is located in the western part of the country, approximately 40 km from the coast. The Malaysian peninsula is bordered by the State of Thailand, while the borders of the island of Borneo are in the states of Indonesia and Brunei, While the country’s maritime borders are In countries: Singapore, Vietnam, and the Philippines.
The geographical nature of the state of Malaysia
The South China Sea extends between the two parts of the land in Malaysia along a few miles of the Malaysian coastline, and Malaysia also includes a group of small islands such as Labuan Island, Langkawi, Banji and others, in addition to that, coral reefs are found in the waters adjacent to the Malaysian coast, and mountains extend Titi Wangsa in the Malaysian peninsula from north to south, which is covered with tropical forests, while the mountains of East Malaysia are represented in the Crocker Mountains, and Mount Kinabalu is the highest summit in it with a height of 4095 m.
Malaysia includes a group of long rivers such as the Rajanj River and the Pahang River, as well as several natural lakes such as Beira Lake, in addition to the Kenir Lake on the border with Thailand, which is characterized as the largest artificial lake in the surrounding country, in addition to Malaysia is distinguished by its existing limestone caves Along its coast, Malaysia is home to the Sarawak Chamber, which is the largest cave room in the world.
The economic situation in Malaysia
The Malaysian economy is a newly emerging industrial and marketing economy, with the Malaysian economy occupying the thirty-fifth among the largest groups of the global economy, and the fourth rank among the economic groups in the countries of Southeast Asia, as well as the third richest country in Southeast Asia in terms of individual GDP. In addition, the economy of Malaysia is characterized by a high level of diversity and strength, as the amount of its exports of modern technological products amounted to about 63.3 billion dollars in 2014, which is the second largest amount after the State of Singapore, in addition to being the second largest source of products g Palm is world-wide after Indonesia, and palm oil is added to a major group of Malaysian exports including electronic and electrical products, petroleum, natural gas fluids, machinery, chemical products, scientific and optical instruments, and wood and metal products.
Historical information about the state of Malaysia
From the historical information about Malaysia, the following:
- The Japanese occupied Malaysia during the Second World War for more than three years until the war ended in 1945.
- Malaya federation was formed after the end of the war, as it included the group of provinces that were under the control of the British, namely Thailand, the Malaysian peninsula, and the southern regions of Burma (Myanmar).
- Malaysia became independent from British rule after a decade of major negotiations in 1957.
- In 1963, Malaysia formed itself when the states of Sarawak and Sabah joined forces with Singapore to form the Malaysian Peninsula.
- Singapore separated from the union in 1965, and thus became an independent country.
General information about Malaysia
General information about the state of Malaysia includes the following:
- The water area in Malaysia is about 1190 km2, while the land area is about 328,657 km², and it occupies the sixty-seventh place in the world in terms of its large area.
- The Malaysian Ringgit (MYR) is the official currency of the country.
- Malay is the official language in the country.
- The country stretches between longitude 99.640 and 119.270 east.
- The country extends between the latitudes of 0.860 and 7.360 north.
- Malaysia has many attractions such as: the capital’s Petronas Twin Towers, the historic city of Malacca, the Kinabalu National Park, the Titi Wangsa mountain range, and the Kraw Wildlife Reserve.
- Malaysia has many important airports such as: Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Penang Airport, and Kota Kinabalu Airport.
- Malaysia has a population of about 31,981,358 people by 2020.