Landmarks of ancient Egypt

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Landmarks of ancient Egypt

Egypt is one of the Arab countries located in the north of the continent of Africa, and its capital is the city of Cairo, and it is divided administratively into twenty-seven governorates, and the system of government in it is a democratic republic, with a population of ninety million people, according to the statistics of 2015.

Egypt is famous for the establishment of the oldest civilizations on its soil, the Pharaonic civilization, and many civilizations, such as the Coptic civilization, the Islamic civilization, and others, have succeeded in it.

Pharaonic monuments

  • Abu Simbel, which is located on the southern side of the city of Aswan in the stomach of the mountain, and consists of two great temples, and was built by King Ramses II in the year 1250 BC.
  • Saqqara Pyramid, which is considered one of the oldest pyramids built in Egypt, and it is a pyramid that belongs to the prose king Nethi Khut. Basement, southern cemetery, and mortuary temple.
  • The pyramid of Senefru, located in the town of Meidum, is a pyramid belonging to King Senefru, who is the father of King Khufu. The pyramid consists of eight layers.
  • The tomb of Tutankhamun, one of the kings of the Pharaohs from the eighteenth dynasty.
  • Other features: Mankaure statue, Sphinx, Goose of Amun, the bracelet of King Senus I, statue of Khufu and his wife, and statue of Osiris.

Coptic monuments

  • The hanging church located in the neighborhood of Ancient Egypt, which was built on the ruins of two large Roman towers that were built by Emperor Trajan the Roman at the beginning of the second century AD.
  • The Church of Abu Sarjat al-Tis was built at the end of the fourth century AD and the beginning of the fifth century AD The church was destroyed and rebuilt in the tenth century AD during the reign of the Fatimid era.
  • St. George Church, which was considered one of the most beautiful churches in the Roman fortress, was built in the year 684 AD by the wealthy writer Athanasius.
  • Other landmarks: Marmina Al-Ajaybi Monastery, St. Barbara’s Church, St. Mina Church, St. Mark’s Cathedral, St. Catherine Monastery, Church of the Virgin Tree, St. Anthony Monastery, and White Monastery.

Islamic monuments

  • Mosques such as the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As, the Mosque of the Prophet Daniel, the Mosque of Al-Nasir Muhammad bin Qalawun, the Mosque of Sayyida Zainab, the Mosque of Ahmed bin Tulun, the Mosque of Abu al-Abbas al-Morsi, and the Al-Hakim mosque by the command of God.
  • Salah al-Din Al-Ayyubi Castle, which is called the Castle of the Mountain, and is located in the Al-Qalat neighborhood on the hill of the Al-Muqattam Mountains.
  • Nakhl Castle, which is located in the middle of the Sinai desert on a high plateau located in the city of Nakhl, and was built in the year 1516 AD by the Mamluk Sultan Qinsuh Al-Ghuri.
  • Other landmarks: Al-Jundi Castle, Nuweiba Castle, and Qaitbay Castle.
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