Italy is a country located in southern Europe, famous for its sandy beaches, stunning natural scenery, cultural heritage and the spread of its spacious fields. Italy resembles in the form of tall shoes, and shares its northern borders with France, Austria, Switzerland and Yugoslavia, and there are within its borders two independent states: San Marino and the Vatican, and it has two islands: Sardinia and Sicily, and the word Italy is taken from the ancient Romans and means the land of pastures. The population density is concentrated in the industrial regions of Italy, such as Liguria and Lombardy, which are located in the northwest of the country, in addition to the province of Campania in the south, while the population decreases in mountainous areas in the south and north.
The names of the cities of Italy
Italy is divided into twenty provinces, and each region includes a group of administrative units and provinces, as Italy consists of a group of cities: Agrigento, Alessandria, Ancona, Aosta, Arezzo, Ascoli Piceno, Asti, Avellino, Bari, Barletta Andrea Trani, Belluno, Benevento, Bergamo, Biella, Bologna, Bolzano, Brescia, Brindisi, Cagliari, Caltanissetta, Campobasso, Carbonia Iglesias, Caserta, Catania, Catanzaro, Chieti, Como, Cosenza, Cremona, Crotone, Cuneo, Inna, Fermo, Ferrara, Florence, Foggia, Forli Cesena, Frosinone, Genoa, Gorizia, Grosseto, Imperia, Ezirania, La Spiete Sia, L’Aquila, Latina, Lecce, Lecco, Livorno, Lodi, Lucca, Macerata, Mantua, Massa Carrara, Matera, Medio Campidano, Messina, Milan, Modena, Menza and Brianza, Naples, Novara, Nuoro, Oliastra, Olbia Tempio, Oristano, Padova, Palermo, Parma, Pavia, Perugia, Pesaro and Urbino, Pescara, Piacenza, Pisa, Pistoia, Pordenone, Potenza, Prato, Ragusa, Ravenna, Reggio Calabria, Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia, Rieti, Rimini, Rome, Rovigo, Salerno, Sassari, Savona, Siena, Syracuse, Sondrio, Taranto, Teramo, Terni, Turin, Trapani, Trento, Treviso, Trieste, Udine Varese, Venice, Verbano Cusio Ossola, Vercelli, Verona, Vibo Valentia, Vicenza and finally Viterbo. Italy gained its reputation due to its well-known tourist cities. Among the most important of these cities are:
Verona is located in the southwest of the province of Veneto, near the east bank of Lake Garda, famous for its stunning scenery. It includes a group of wonderful hills and large and small beaches. Old. The northern part of Verona, called Plicinia with its regional park and Mount Baldo, is a magical sight suitable for excursions and walks through orchards, olive groves, pastures, and beech wood, and for this reason it is called Mount Baldo in the garden of Italy and Europe.
It is the capital of Veneto, located on many small islands in Lake Venice in northeastern Italy, and among the 270,000 inhabitants of Venice, 62,000 live in the center, while 176,000 live on the mainland (in English: Mainland) or beyond the lake in areas such as Mestre and Marghera, and either The rest of the citizens are on islands around the lake, where 100 islands are located around Venice. Venice includes many small islands, and it is known as a magical city in addition to being a city of lovers, painters and poets.
It is the capital of the Emilia-Romagna region and the seventh largest city in Italy. It is located midway between Milan, Venice and Florence at the southern end of the Po River, surrounded by the wide Badana Plain or the Po Plain at the foothills of the northern Abyan Mountains, and the city center has a population of 380,000. Bologna’s historical importance is demonstrated by its wealth of monumental red brick buildings dating back to the Middle Ages. One of the city’s most famous monuments is the Asenelli and Garicinda Towers that have gained their fame not only for their height, but for their changing angle of inclination, and these towers were built by families The wealthy locality in order to display its wealth, however, the tendency is due to the inadequacy of the building foundations.
It is one of the largest European capitals in terms of the size of the area, and it is also the largest municipality in Italy in terms of area and population, in addition to being the center of Catholic Christianity; it is the only city in the world that embraces within another country and is the Vatican; therefore it is called the capital of two states, and Rome is considered The greenest city in Europe, it contains 52,000 hectares of agricultural land, in addition to the existence of nature reserves that cover a total area of 40,000 hectares.
Rome has the highest concentration of architectural and historical monuments in the world. It contains 70% of the cultural heritage found in Italy in addition to the presence of 16% of the world heritage in it. One of the most famous historical symbols in Rome is the statue of the Capitolin Hill, a bronze statue that expresses The female wolf who placed the twins Romulus and Remus, in addition to the Colosseum theater which is the largest amphitheater of the Greek era, was joined in 2007 to the Seven Wonders of the World, and the Great Dome is also one of the famous symbols in Rome; it is the cathedral dome of St. Peter in the Vatican, and it has a view of Rome Whole, and count A symbol of the Christian world, the imperial eagle was a symbol of the city in ancient times, then the lion became a symbol of it as a symbol of domination.
It is the capital of Genoa and the capital of the Liguria region, and it occupies the northwestern part of Italy, and its port is one of the oldest ports overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. With a population of 618 thousand people, and contains many tourist monuments, and the most famous flags of this city, Discoverer of the Americas, Christopher Columbus.
Genoa was built in the sixth century BC by the original Lycoric tribes, and it is distinguished by its ancient center which is the most extended in the continent of Europe with an area of up to 155 hectares; it includes ancient churches and palaces such as the Ducale Palace and the Cathedral of San Lorenzo, and one of the most famous tourist attractions in Genoa It is 249 feet high; it is the longest lighthouse in the world and the third oldest lighthouse historically. There is also a Genoese Museum of Oriental Art in Genoa, which includes in its halls the most important landmarks of Asian art, and contains 15 thousand artifacts of various kinds, including statues, shields, masks, and ceramic pieces .
It is the capital of the Tuscany Brigade, located in the northwest of Italy, and extending along the banks of the Orno River. The city is famous for its main role in the Renaissance, and was considered in the Middle Ages as an economic and commercial center in Europe due to its artistic and architectural wealth, and was called the Middle Ages. Florence was founded by Julius Caesar in 59 BC, and its history extends to the Roman Empire, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. It also contributed greatly to the founding of Western arts as the art of architecture and European literature, and the most famous flags of this city: Raphael, Leonardo Da Vinci and Bocelli.
The number of tourists who come to Florence each year is approximately five million, as Florence includes many important sites and monuments such as Palazzo Falkeno, which is located in the Siniora Square, which is the central square of Florence, and was once the seat of city rule, then it became the seat of the municipality in Today, monuments in Florence also include the station of Santa Maria Novella, which is located north of the city center near the Church of Santa Maria Novella, which is the central train station in Florence, through which 59 million people travel annually.