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Damascus is considered the oldest capital in history, and it is currently the capital of Syria, which is usually called by the public – the name of the Levant. It is a word that might be referred to as a whole of Syria. Semitism, which means that it is very old, knowing that its strategic location near natural water sources was the most prominent reason for making it stable for many human civilizations throughout history. As for the most prominent titles that this city is famous for, it is the pearl of the East, and both the Umayyad Mosque and the mausoleum Salah Al-Din Al-Ayoubi from They are tourist places where archaeological.

The area of ​​Damascus and its population

Damascus is considered a large city with an area of ​​43 square kilometers, as it overlooks the Barada River, and it is worth noting that the number of residents of the city of Damascus has increased significantly in recent times, due to the migration of the population from the countryside to the city; either in search of work or education, where the number reached To 1,569,394 people, according to statistics in 2020.

Civilizations that inhabited Damascus

Damascus has a long history, and many ancient civilizations have succeeded on its soil, and the chronology of what has been punished for Damascus can be summarized as follows:

  • Ancient Egyptians in the fifteenth century B.C.
  • The Israelis led by King David.
  • Assyrians in 732 BC.
  • Nebuchadnezzar in the year 600 BC.
  • The Persians in 530 B.C.
  • Alexander the Great in 333 BC.
  • The Nabateans in 85 BC.
  • Romenians in 64 BC (about 21 years after the Nabataeans).
  • Muslim Arabs, as Damascus became the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate in the period between (661 AD-750 AD).
  • The Seljuks in 1076 AD.
  • Mamluks who took power in 1260 AD.
  • Mongols led by Tamerlane.
  • Ottoman Turks in 1516 AD.
  • The first Syrian government in 1918.
  • The French occuAl Bahahn that continued during the period between the years 1920 and 1945.
  • Independent Syria in 1946.

Other ancient cities

There are other Arab cities that should be mentioned, including:

  • Jericho in Palestine.
  • Aleppo city in Syria.
  • Jubail city in Lebanon.
  • Sidon, Lebanon.
  • The city of Jerusalem in Palestine.

As for the old foreign cities, the most important of them are:

  • The city of Athens in Greece.
  • Argos, Greece.
  • Luoyang city of China.

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