Original Pharaonic monuments

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Valley of the Kings

The ancient Egyptians built many secret shrines underground, and the most famous group of these tombs is the Valley of the Kings, which is located on the west bank of the Nile River and near the city of Luxor, and this valley has become a land for the burial of the pharaohs’ kings such as Tutankhamun, Seti I and Ramses II In addition to the pharaohs’ queens, the high priests and the first elite dynasties in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, these secret tombs were full of material goods which according to their belief the ruler might need in the next world, in addition to treasures such as golden masks found in the tomb of the king Tutankhamun.

The Pyramid of Djoser

The Pyramid of Djoser is located in the Saqqara Cemetery in the capital of ancient Egypt Memphis, and was built in the twenty-seventh century BC, and it is considered the oldest known pyramid as its tiered sides became a model for more pyramids in Giza, and it was designed to carry the remains of Pharaoh Djoser by the private architect With it, this tomb is located at an altitude of 63 meters and was considered the highest building of its time, and is an ancient example of stone architecture.

Giza Pyramids

These pyramids are located on the outskirts of Cairo and consist of three pyramids, namely Khafre, Khufu and Menkaure, and the largest pyramid among them is the pyramid of Khufu, which is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world and is the only one still standing, and each pyramid includes the graves of the Egyptian pharaohs, and is located in front of these pyramids The Great Sphinx, which was constructed from a single block of stone, was built by the pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx about 4,500 years ago during the era of the Fourth Dynasty of the era of the ancient Egyptian state.

Valley of the Queens

The Valley of the Queens is located near the Valley of the Kings and is one of the ancient Pharaonic monuments. This valley includes the graves of princes, princesses and court figures, and at a later time the queens were buried there, and it is estimated that there are about a hundred tombs in it, and the most interesting cemetery is the tomb of Nefertari, the wife of Pharaoh Ramses II, It is famous for its astronomical motifs on the walls and ceiling.


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