Tourism in Chile
The Republic of Chile is one of the major tourist destinations in the world, located in South America near the Pacific Ocean, and part of it is located on the continent of Antarctica. It is the home of the Andes and has the largest coastline in all of South America. Because of its diverse climate, traveling to Chile is an adventure, and it also has a large collection of plants and animals. Among the most important tourist attractions in it are the Cocamu River and the Patagonia Plateau, in addition to picturesque islands such as: Robinson Crusoe Island, Easter Island, etc., and Chile is filled with wonderful scenery that varies between waterfalls, glaciers, blue lakes, and many national parks. Among the prominent cities that offer many visitors to Santiago, Curio and Chaiten. And the visitor can try many sports activities, such as: rowing in boats, skiing, horse riding, sailing and others. .
The capital, Santiago, is one of the main destinations for tourists, as it contains the central market, an underground cultural center, La Lamuniada Palace, the Hanging Railroad, and the city of Valparaiso, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is famous for the many colors in the buildings.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile
The Chilean government has invested in cooperation with UNESCO and other organizations to preserve a range of important and endangered sites. Degradation, human activities and climate change are the main threats to heritage sites in Chile, adding to the conflict between people and animals. The Chilean government, UNEP and UNESCO have invested time and resources in an effort to conserve these sites. Among these sites:
Sodium nitrate plants in Humberston and Santa Laura
Two factories were established in 1872 AD to extract sodium nitrate in Chile, known as La Palma, and around the cities cities grew very quickly and many buildings were built in the English style, and in the period of the Great Depression in 1929 AD the economic system collapsed, and in 1960 AD my place was abandoned Work, cities became empty and similar to ghost cities and opened to tourists. In 2005, UNESCO announced that the site had become a world heritage site at risk due to the effects of an earthquake and because of the weak structures of buildings.
In the central eastern region of the Chiloe Archipelago there are 16 churches made of original wood that is resistant to wet weather and rain. UNESCO included it as a World Heritage Site in the year 2000 AD, and several institutions have made efforts to preserve these churches, such as: University of Chile, where it has worked to promote these churches as a unique site.
Rapa Nui (National Park)
The park is located on Easter Island, which is geographically isolated, and was seized by Chile in 1988 AD, and it became a UNESCO site in the year 1995 AD. The park consists of 887 stone statues made by the people of Rapa Nui who inhabited the island before the year 300 AD.
Sewell Mining City
It is an uninhabited city located in the slopes of the Andes Mountains, and when the British government commissioned in 1905 AD William Branden to exploit the copper mine in the region, he built roads and railways, and the number of workers in the mine reached nearly 15,000 workers, and to provide the cost of daily transportation for workers They were moved to live near the mine and the population decreased dramatically.