What is the smallest independent country in the world

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Vatican State

The Vatican is the smallest country in the world with an area of ​​less than half a square kilometer, and is located on the border with Italy and is the main seat of the Pope of the Catholic Church since 1377 AD. In the region, it was finally agreed to establish the Vatican State based on the Lateran Agreements, on February 11, 1929 AD between Pope Pius XI and Benito Mussolini in exchange for the Pope’s recognition of the Kingdom of Italy.

General information about the Vatican City

Important information about the Vatican City includes:

  • Population: 839 people, according to the latest statistics for 2013.
  • Official currency: Euro
  • Religion: Catholicism
  • Official language: Italian
  • The capital: Vatican City.

History of the Vatican State

The Vatican State has a common history with Italy and especially with its capital, Rome, where its first inhabitants, called the ancient Etruscans, occupied the Italian peninsula from about 800 BC, and it is mentioned that Saint Peter’s Church was built during the rule of Constantinople in the fourth century in his honor, where the accounts say He came to Rome to spread the gospel where he was killed, crucified, and buried nearby, so that a palace would be built next to it.

The smallest countries in the world

Here are the smallest countries in the world in terms of area:
Country ranking
Country
Its area in square kilometers
1
Vatican
0.5
2
Monaco
2
3
Nauru
21
4
Tuvalu
26
5
San Marino
60
6
Liechtenstein
161
7
Saint Kitts and Nevis
261
8
the moldive Islands
298
9
Malta
316
10
Grenada
339

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