Table of Contents

Church of the Nativity

The Church of the Nativity is the oldest Christian church in the state of Palestine, and the length of the Church of the Nativity is 54 m, and it is based on a high set of stone pillars on which the phrase (here Jesus Christ, the son of the Virgin Mary) was engraved. A mosaic is decorated with birds and flowers with attractive and attractive geometric patterns. The Church of the Nativity in the foot included three churches combined with three different doors, but the doors were closed and merged into one door, which is called the door of humility, its shape is rectangular, and its size is small, in order to prevent the entry of vehicles or horses The holy site, k What lies beneath the church is a rectangular cave of 12.30 m in length, 2.15 m wide and has ancient jellyfish, which are electrically lit caves.

brief history

Constantine the Great and his mother St. Helena ordered the construction of the Church of the Nativity in 326 AD, and the church was burned during the Samaritan Revolution in 529 AD, and Emperor Justinian rebuilt it in 565 AD to be the largest church in Palestine, and in 614 AD the Church of Nativity was in danger of being destroyed, but the Persian invaders They prevented this from happening because there are images of Magi dressed in Persian clothes, and since that time the church has not been affected by any of the natural effects, such as earthquakes, or human influences, such as attempts to sabotage or wars.

Church and interfaith conflict

Multiple conflicts arose in various religions over the ownership of the Church of the Nativity, which was evident when the silver star expressing the exact location of the birth of Christ Jesus, peace be upon him, was embezzled, which led to the outbreak of an international crisis and the Crimean War in the period (1854-1856) CE, which led to A period later to the division of the Church of the Nativity between the Greek Orthodox Christian denominations, Romen Catholics, and Armenian Orthodox religions.

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