Salah Al-Din Al-Ayoubi
Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi is an Islamic military leader, whose name is King al-Nasir Abu al-Muzaffar Salah al-Din and Dunya Yusef ibn Ayyub, and Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi is a nickname for which he was famous. Praying for him on the pulpits of mosques.
His birth and upbringing
The lineage of the Ayyubids is due to Ayoub bin Shadi bin Marwan from the people of Armenia of Kurdish origin. Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi was born in Iraq in the city of Tikrit in 1138 AD, so his father Najm al-Din Ayoub was a ruler over it, and Salah al-Din was the founder of the Ayyubid state. Sunni, and he was accompanying Sufi scholars in his councils and listen to their advice and opinions on matters of religion and the world.
Salah al-Din was afflicted by a disease that his doctors were unable to recover, and he died in 1193 CE, and the general public was greatly saddened by his death. The Islamic nation lost a wise and compassionate military commander, and his enemies also grieved over him for his courage and nobility. Salah al-Din was buried in Al-Azizia School near the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria, next to King Nur ad-Din Zangi. He did not leave God’s mercy, nor his property, for he was spending his money on charity and charity for the poor.
His most important works
Salah al-Din was able to unite Egypt, the Levant, the Hijaz, and Yemen under the shadow of the Abbasid banner, after he eliminated all the kingdoms and states that followed the Abbasid caliphate in name only, especially since some of these kingdoms had begun to ally with regimes from abroad.
Many regions of the Levant had fallen under the Crusader control, and after Salahuddin eliminated the Fatimid state in Egypt, he was preparing to go to the Levant to fight the Crusaders, so he led several campaigns and fought the Crusaders and won them, and he regained many of the holy lands that they controlled in Palestine And Lebanon, led by the Holy City of Jerusalem, after their defeat by the immortal battle of Hittin.
His works in Egypt
Egypt was under the rule of the Fatimid state, and after Salah al-Din vanquished this state, he focused most of his attention on building a strong state in Egypt because of his belief in the importance of Egypt in the Arab world. Therefore, we note that his wars and invasions did not prevent him from building a strong economy in Egypt and before the economy achieved justice between people, to provide Security in the country was achieved, and the peasants felt secure and stable, and everyone went to work and their revolutions stopped, so production increased, trade expanded and prosperity prevailed in the country.