A research on the ancient Egyptian monuments

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Pyramids

The pyramids are located on the northern side of the state of Egypt on a rocky plateau in the west bank of the Nile near Giza. It is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, which are three pyramids constructed with careful care and high altitude, and an attractive engineering method that shows the skill and engineering ability that the Pharaohs had in Al-Qadam, which is listed under the ancient monuments of Memphis, along with Saqra, Dashhar, Abu Ruwaish and Abu Hayr, which were collectively classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979 AD.

sphinx

It is one of the very giant statues which consists of rock, and its shape is described as having a human head and a lion’s body, to signify the gathering of the power of the lion and the wisdom of man together and in one body, and it was built in the belief that he has the ability to protect the graves that exist in the pyramids.

Abu Simbel Temple

The Temple of Abu Simbel was built about 3000 years ago, and it took twenty years to build it. The idea was to construct it in honor and pride of the wife of Ramses II Nefertari and the ancient Egyptian gods Ra, Amon and Ptah. The first time the sun perpendicular to the temple on February 22 on the occasion of Ramses II sitting on the throne, and the second on October 22 on the occasion of the anniversary of his birth, the temple owns inside the statue of the god Ptah “the god of injustice,” which the sun never enters.

Karnak Temple

The Karnak Temple is considered one of the huge complexes that contain a series of structures, and is considered a mother of all religious buildings, because it represented at the foot a religious position for performing religious rituals that lasted for more than 4000 years, such as the ritual pilgrimage, but today the main pilgrims are only tourists.

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Abdin Palace website

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