The most beautiful cities in Germany

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Germany

Germany is officially known as the Federal Republic of Germany, it is located in central Northern Europe, and in terms of population occupies the second place on the continent. Germany is a major member of the economic, defense and political organizations on the continent of Europe, as it occupies the first position in economic terms, while it ranks fifth in the world. Germany is bordered by nine countries from all directions. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Poland to the east, and on the west by France and Luxembourg, by the north by Denmark, by the northwest by the Netherlands and Belgium, and by Austria and Switzerland to the south.
Germany has an area of ​​357,022 km2, and its population is about 80,594,017 people, according to statistics in 2020, with a birth rate of 8.6 births per 1,000 people, while the death rate is about 11.7 deaths per 1,000 people, and the population is distributed almost evenly across most of the country However, the largest number lives in urban and industrial areas, and ethnic groups in Germany consist of 91.5% of the German people, and 2.4% of the Turks, and 6.1% of other races, mostly Polish, Italian, Syrian, and Greek.
German is the official language in Germany, and the country also recognizes the existence of other languages ​​under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. These languages ​​are: Danish, Serbian, and Romanian. Germany is divided into 16 states, each of which is responsible for developing its own laws and policies. These states are: Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Mecklenburg, Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine, Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, and Sarland , Saxony, Thuringia, and Berlin is the capital.

The most beautiful cities in Germany

The most beautiful cities in Germany that are recommended to visit are as follows:

Berlin

Berlin is the capital of Germany, the largest city in it, and it is the most cosmopolitan, magnificent and exciting city in it. Berlin is a green city, characterized by the presence of many forests and lakes sprawling, and it is famous for the diversity of its tourist attractions, and the difference of its historical buildings between the traditional and modern patterns, and this is what distinguishes the city from the rest of the cities in Germany, and the scene that starts from the Brandenburg Gate to the German Federal Chancellery from Its most prosperous scene. It tells the story of an entire nation, and Berlin is one of the newest destinations in terms of music and art, which makes it one of the most exciting destinations in Europe.

Munich

Munich is the capital of Bavaria and the gateway to the Alps, as well as one of the most beautiful green cities in Germany. Munich has a number of museums distinguished by its traditional architecture, and October Festival takes place, which attracts about six million visitors and more annually. The city focuses on its culture on football and music, and the three famous art museums. The city also includes about 61 theaters and 36 museums. In it, there is Covinger Street, the main shopping street, and runs from the central square to Karlsplatz, and has stores for most of the international brands.

Frankfurt

Frankfurt is the financial center of Germany and the main hub for Germany in particular, and the countries of Europe in general, due to the presence of Frankfurt Airport in it. Frankfurt is characterized by the presence of many skyscrapers, and is famous for an important event annually, which is the holding of the International Book Conference in October of each year, and this exhibition is the largest of its kind in various parts of the world, and in the city about 13 museums, and this is what gave it great cultural importance and has a bridge The museum is made up of several buildings from the nineteenth century, in addition to many modern buildings, such as: the Museum of Modern Art, and also the Communications Museum, and the German Museum of Architecture. The city is interested in financing the opera house, plays, and ballet programs, and one of the most important tourist attractions in it is the Alti Ober Frankfurt conference center, which was rebuilt after the Second World War to return it to its original Italian character, in addition to the university that was built in 1914 AD and named after the most famous son of Frankfurt (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe) This university is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city.

Hamburg

Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany, and is located in the northern part of it, its port is the second largest port in Europe, and one of the largest ports in the world. Today, Hamburg is the main transportation center in northern Germany. It is characterized by the presence of many waterways, so it was called the North Venice.

Cologne

Cologne is the fourth largest city in Germany, and the largest city in North Rhine. Previously, it was one of the largest transport centers in Europe, where it was crossed on the average about 8 trains every minute, and in the city many national and regional television and radio companies, as well as the largest university in Germany And the city occupies the second place after New York City in terms of the number of galleries, and the Catholic Church has given the title of the Holy City to the City of Cologne, in which there is the largest functional bell in the world in the tower of the Cathedral of Cologne and is called Peter, and weighs about 24 tons. The city is characterized by the presence of 22 nature reserves, and plants cover about 15% of its land.

Dresden

Dresden is the capital of the state of Saxony, and is the third largest city in East Germany after the cities of Berlin and Leipzig, located on both sides of the River Elbe 30 km north of the Czech border, and 160 km south of Berlin. The city has many parks and cultural relics along the course of the Elbe River, and it includes the Kabul railway line and the suspended train. The city was named to the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in 2004 AD, where there are many artistic treasures, despite the destruction of about 80% of the The city was in World War II; however, it was rebuilt and restored to return as before in its splendor and beauty.

Leipzig

Leipzig is located in the western part of the state of Saxony, and the city is a major industrial, artistic and cultural center. It has been the home of many famous artists in Germany for a long time, and despite the destruction of nearly a quarter of the city in World War II, it was rebuilt in Communist politics remained, as they played a big role among European cities, as it became famous because of the demonstration of its residents in a peaceful revolution in 1989, which led to the fall of Berlin at that time, and put an end to the communist regime in East Germany. The city is characterized by the plains that fill it around, giving it an aesthetic appearance.

Heidelberg

Heidelberg is one of the few German cities that were not destroyed in World War II, giving it the magic that has a wonderful aesthetic appearance, and is characterized by its narrow cobbled streets, and is also famous for the view of the famous Grand Heidelberg Castle, and in the city the oldest university in Germany, and also there is the Idelek River that makes it One of the most attractive tourist destinations in Germany.

Weimar

Weimar is known as the center of classical literature in Germany, and the greatest period in which cities pass was the eighteenth century, where it became home to Goethe, Schiller, and Nietzsche, and in the nineteenth century the city played a major role in art; it became home to wonderful composers, as it attracted schools The arts have many artists, and they were the birthplace of the Bauhaus movement and several famous painters. In 1998, UNESCO included Weimar to the list of World Heritage sites, and the city is still today one of the ancient and important historical cities in Germany.

Dusseldorf

Dusseldorf is a city in Rhineland, characterized by its ancient and modern nature at the same time. This character starts from old and traditional factories and develops into distinctive architecture. It is also famous for the shopping street that includes luxury shops, Konigraly Street, and the city has the largest fashion trade fair. In the world, there is the Academy of Arts, which is an integral part of the city from which many famous artists graduate from Germany.

History of Germany

International powers struggled in the two world wars in the first half of the twentieth century, and the conflict resulted in the occupation of the victorious allied countries of Germany in 1945 AD. These countries are: the United States of America, France, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom, and with the advent of the Cold War two republics were formed in Germany. They are the West Federal Republic of Germany, and the East Democratic Republic of Germany, while the West Republic has joined economic and international security organizations, the European Commission, NATO, and the European Union, while The Eastern Republic was annexed to the Warsaw Pact led by the Soviet Union, and the decline of the Soviet Union led to the unification of the two Germans in 1990 AD, and since then Germany has spent a lot of money to live up to the level of East Germany and equate it with West Germany, and in 1999 the Marina participated with ten of the countries of the Union The European version of the single European currency, the euro.

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