Poland is one of the countries located in Central Europe, bordered by Germany on the western side, the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic, and on the eastern side Ukraine and Belarus, and on the north side the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad and Lithuania, and this country occupies the sixty-ninth place among the countries of the world in terms of area, arrangement The ninth among the European countries, with a population of about 38,485,779 people, according to the statistics of 2014.
History of Poland
Khrubri was the first Polish king in 1025 AD, and large parts of Poland were annexed to the Romen Empire in 1163 AD, and in 1241 AD Poland was invaded by the Mongols led by Batu Khan, and many of its southern emirates were annihilated, and after the defeat of Napoleon the victorious states of Austria and Prussia agreed And Russia divided Poland among them in 1815 AD, and the Poles remained a people without a state until the declaration of the establishment of the Polish Kingdom again in 1916 AD.
Germany declared war on the Soviet Union in 1941 AD, and in the midst of that it seized the Polish East, the Soviet forces defeated the German forces in 1945 AD, took control of Poland, and began building it on the Soviet Communist way, and thus Poland became part of the Eastern Bloc, and in 1952 AD it was declared Poland as a popular republic with a new constitution, and in 1955 AD the Warsaw Pact was established, and with this the democratic movement began to escalate until it was able to form the first government without a communist president, and Lech Walesa was elected president in 1990.Read:What is the capital of Kentucky
Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia announced their desire to join the West in 1991 AD, as Poland became a member of the European Council in the same year, and in 1999 CE it became a member of NATO, and in 2004 CE it became a member of the European Union.
What is Poland famous for?
- Willano Palace: It was built at the end of the seventeenth century, and it turned into a museum to display many works of art, and it still exists to this day.
- Krakow This city is considered a major market square dating back to the thirteenth century, and is adjacent to many palaces and buildings of historical origins.
- Malbork Castle: This castle was built in 1274 AD in the thirteenth century, and expanded more than once, and is one of the attractions that attract tourists, in addition to being a popular area in Malbork.
- Sand dunes: These dunes are formed due to the accumulation of sand carried by the seashore, and spread in the northern part of the state of Poland, and it is part of the National Park on the Baltic Sea coast.
- Tatra National Park: This park is located in the Polish south. It was built in 1954 AD. There are many forests, lakes and waterfalls in this city, the most important of which are: Wilka Siklawa.
- Wawel Castle: This castle was built in the fourteenth century during the reign of the Polish king Kazmez III the Great, and it is one of the largest major museums in the state, and this castle also contains the royal palace, an armory, and an exhibition hall.
Polish cuisine is greatly affected in the neighboring countries of the state, which are the most important: the states of Germany and Russia, and this is what made them rely on wheat and barley greatly in preparing their various dishes, in addition to occupying meat an important place in the Polish kitchen, and among the most important soups prepared in it are beet soup And it is characterized by its use of different types of pasta, the most important of them kluski.Read:Seychelles Islands visa requirements