What is the capital of Nepal

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The capital of Nepal

Kathmandu is the capital of the state of Nepal, and the largest city in it. It is located in the Kathmandu Valley, which is a world heritage site. The city’s history is linked to the history of the ancient valley. Until the first year A.D., and the statue located in the Malegaon area is one of the oldest discoveries in it, where it dates back to the year 185 AD, and it is mentioned that the city is located in an area with heights close to the meeting place of the Pagmati and Fishmati rivers, and that it rises from the sea by about 1400 meters in the Kathmandu Valley which It is located in the middle of Nepal.

The birth and development of Kathmandu

The city was created by Raja Gunakamadeva in 723 AD, and it was called by the name of Mango Pattan, while its contemporary name goes back to the wooden temple that Raja Lashmina Singh is said to have constructed from one tree wood in the year 1596 AD, and it is assumed that the current building is the original and first building, Which is still standing in the central square, and it is mentioned that the building is used as a place of residence for the clergy, as the city was a stable for the Shah family who ruled the people of Gorkha from 1768 AD to 2008 AD.

Thanks to the efforts of the new merchant families, the city became the most important center of trade and business in the country, as it focused on building new streets and developing air services during the seventies of the last century, until it became the focus of the national transportation system that was limited for several centuries and is limited to corridors, and it is mentioned that the citizens of the city are committed to agriculture Also, the Newari influence the residence in the city.

Population of Kathmandu

Kathmandu is distinguished by its cultural and ethnic diversity, and Newar is the largest ethnic group in it, accounting for 30% of the total population, followed by Matwali, which includes several groups, and represents about 25% of the population, and then Khas Brahmins, which It includes about 20% of the population, then the Chettris group, with 18.5% of the total population. The population of the population until 2020 was about 1,309,000 people.

General information about Kathmandu

Here is some general information about the city of Kathmandu:

  • The area of ​​the city is estimated at 50.67 km².
  • The city is located at latitude 27.702376 North.
  • The city is located on a longitude of 85.33233 east.
  • Nepali, English and Nepal Bhasa are the official languages ​​of the country.
  • The city has an airport which is the Tribhuvan International Airport.
  • The Nepalese Rupee is the currency of the country.
  • The city is located between the peaks of the Himalayas, which makes it a great sight between the mountains, in addition to the presence of many attractions in it: such as: Pashupatinath Temple, Museum, Garden of Dreams, and Kathmandu Square, packed with temples and palaces.
  • Rain falls in the city usually in monsoon seasons from June to August.


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