Bali Island is one of the provinces in the Indonesian state, which includes four islands, which are Bali Island, Nusa Lembongan Island, Nusasinigan Island, and also Nuspatenida Island, and it is considered one of the important tourist fronts of the country, where many festivals and carnivals are held, and attract large numbers of visitors annually, In addition to its unique location, charming environment, and many services provided to tourists, such as providing adequate transportation, and attractive tourist resorts.
Location and space
Bali island is located in the continent of Asia, which is one of the islands in the Indian Ocean, where it is located to the western side of the Lesser Sunda Islands, and is bordered on the western side by the island of Java, and from the eastern side is Lombok Island, and its capital is the city of Denpasar located in its southern side, which is the largest city in it .
The area of the island of Bali is estimated at five thousand six hundred and thirty-six square kilometers, while the population of this island is estimated at about four million and twenty five thousand people.
History of Bali
Some sources mention that the Astronesian tribes that lived in the state of Taiwan in the second millennium BC have migrated to the southeastern side of the Asian continent, to settle on this island, and thus the origins of the people of this island belong to the state of Taiwan.
Some studies have found that there are linguistic and cultural convergences between the Bali tribes and the Philippine tribes, as well as the Indonesian archipelago tribes, in addition to the oceanic regions. Some tools, heritage and especially rocky discoveries have been found in the eastern part of this island, particularly in the village of Sikk This convergence.
However, the Chinese culture as well as the Indian culture had a very influential role, especially in the first century AD, in the inhabitants of the island of Bali, especially the Hindu influence.
Nature in Bali
Bali has a great tourist front, where it has long and sandy beaches in which it is known as Kuta Beach and also Lovina Beach, with its natural scenery that surpasses magic and imagination, it is rich in its waterfalls as the Jet Jet waterfall and also the Munduk waterfall, in addition to Shambohan waterfall, and also famous for its wonderful lakes, especially Lake Pratan The witch, Lake Batur, not to mention its tropical forests that extend over large areas, in addition to valleys that are characterized by its depth, in addition to the presence of terraces from the cedar trees that are unique to this island, and the volcanic rock in it which is known as Tanah Lot is one of Landmarks located on this island.
The plant cover varies in it, so there are abundant zoos, such as a garden for elephants, as well as a garden for birds, in addition to the garden of charming butterflies, the most famous of the Bali Safari.
Although the religion of the largest segment of the population in the Indonesian state belongs to the Islamic religion, we find that the religion to which the inhabitants of the island of Bali belong is the Hindu religion, and this religion is known as a mix between Hinduism that is famous in the southern part of the Asian continent, and some local beliefs On the island, their proportion is approximately eighty-three and a half percent of the total population, while the proportion of Islam therein is approximately thirteen and a half percent, while those who belong to the Christian religion do not exceed two and a half percent, and very few Buddhists who do not doubt More than a fifth of the population of the island color.