Greek island of Crete

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Crete

It is the largest Greek island, and it occupies the fifth place in terms of the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, and it is bordered on the southern side of the Aegean Sea, and it is considered one of the most important Greek islands in terms of civilization, and its area is estimated at about 8336 km2, and its population is less than half a million people .

From the eastern side to the western side there is a group of rocky beaches and mountain ranges, and the summit of Pselorites is the highest peak in it, as it reaches a height of approximately 3456 meters above the sea level, and a wonderful group of orchards of vine, olive, corn and tobacco are found on the surface of these mountain ranges.

History of Crete

A long time ago a Minoan civilization arose, which belongs to the legendary king Minos, and a civilization and architecture were established on that island about 4000 years ago, and this civilization was characterized by the beauty of its palaces and the charm of its buildings, and it was completely in control of the Aegean Sea.

There are many archaeological and historical monuments that exist to the present time, and the island remained subordinate to the Byzantine Empire until it was conquered by Abu Hafs Omar Al-Balout Al-Andalusi, but he was able to restore it in the year 961 AD The Byzantine Emperor, and in 1204 AD it was captured by the Venetians, by campaign The Fourth Crusade. The island was annexed to Greece in the year 1913 AD after being for centuries under Ottoman rule, and the Arabs called it Aqretash, and the Turks known it as Gazit.

The territory of Crete

It is a rectangular island, its length from east to west is 255 km, and width is approximately 50 km, and its entire area is 8331 km 2, and a series of mountains are spread in the center, extending from east to west, and the highest peak in it is approximately 2456 meters, surrounded by a group of coastal plains, and its northern coasts are characterized by many bays that serve as natural ports, and most of its cities are located on the ports from the northern side of the coast.

Crete climate

There are two climatic regions in Crete, which are medium and North Africa, and the climate of Crete is considered to be moderate in general, but the humidity is increasing in the areas near the sea, and in winter the weather is moderate and pleasant, and snow falls on the mountainous areas, and in the summer the temperature ranges between what Between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius, with the exception of the southern coast, which is formed by the forests of Misara and the mountains of Asturusia, which are more sunny days, and the temperature is very high in the summer.

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