The most important tourist cities in Turkey

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About Turkey

Officially known as the Republic of Turkey, and its capital, Ankara, which is a country located between the continents of Asia and Europe, overlooking the Black Sea from the north, the Mediterranean Sea from the south, alongside Syria and Iraq, and it also has a maritime border with Cyprus, bordered to the east by Georgia, and Iran , Armenia, and Azerbaijan, bordered on the west by the Aegean Sea, Greece and Bulgaria, which gave it a unique strategic location that spans 780,562 km of land.
Turkey has a population of about 72 million people, according to statistics in 2008, and its population is considered a mixture of races, due to the era of the Ottoman Empire, which extended its influence over a number of lands in Asia, Europe, and Africa. As for the official language, it is the Turkish language, as some speak Including the Kurdish language, and few speak Aramaic, Armenian, Georgian, Greek and Circassian. As for its climate, it is hot in summer and temperatures in the morning may reach 28 degrees, and cold in winter, where temperatures range between 3-8 degrees.

The most important tourist cities in Turkey

Turkey has many important and vital tourist attractions, where these landmarks are distributed among several tourist cities, and the most prominent Turkish tourist cities are the following:

  • Istanbul: Istanbul is considered one of the most important Turkish cities in terms of economic, tourism and cultural, although it is not the capital, but it has an important central location, and it has its religious and cultural position, the city is famous for its ethnic and religious diversity, and its population reached more than 14 million, equivalent to 18.5% Of the total population of Turkey, this city has also been known by many names throughout all of history, most notably: Byzantium, Constantinople, Astana, and Istanbul, and Istanbul contains many important tourist attractions that have gained international fame, such as Taksim Square and Istiklal Street, as it is famous In which Biting sea ports, such as port Eminonu Winnie Cappy.

Istanbul has also been famous for its religious monuments, the most important of which are the historical mosques in which the Ottoman design emerged, such as: Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Sulaymaniyah Mosque, Sheikh Zada ​​Mosque, Al-Fatih Mosque, Abu Ayoub Al-Ansari Mosque, the New Mosque, and others, and the Hagia Sophia is one of the most prominent features of the city Which was at first a cathedral that Muslims converted to a mosque in the era of the Ottomans, then it turned into a museum during the reign of Kemal Ataturk, and among the most prominent museums in which the city flourishes is the 1453 Panorama, which embodies the biography of opening the city using 3D technology, and the Topkapi Museum (High Gate), Dolma Bahgat Museum, as t Istanbul is famous for its picturesque gardens, such as modern Gülhane, and ancient Turkish baths.

  • Ankara: Ankara is the capital of Turkey, and it is the second largest city after Istanbul, and the origin of the name Ankara is attributed to the Greek word which is the anchor which means the ship’s anchor, and the number of its inhabitants reached more than 4 million people, and its distinguished location had an impact in ancient times, It was inhabited by many peoples in the past centuries, as Ankara is characterized by its hot summer and cold winter, and it is worth noting that the best time to visit the city is between June and September, and one of the most famous tourist attractions in it is the Ankara Castle, which is one of the oldest tourist attractions in the city, And the tourist can see the models For a variety of traditional engineering, there is also the Roman Theater, the Temple of Augustus Rome, the Roman Bath, the Victory Monument that represents Ataturk with his military uniform, and other features.
  • Izmir: Izmir is located on the Aegean Sea in western Turkey, and is considered the capital of the Aegean region, and what makes it an important center for trade and transport is its containment of the second largest port after Istanbul, and was called in ancient times as (Smyrna), and it was settled by many races such as Romans, Byzantines, and Seljuks And the Ottomans, and Ankara is characterized by its hot climate in summer, warm and rainy in winter, and includes many tourist attractions such as the Marmalati Mosque, the Sarlıcıoغلlu Mosque, Kadıvıkali Castle, the archaeological elevator, the Archeology Museum, the Clock Tower, the Museum of Ethnography, and the Ataturk Museum, among others, and Izmir is also famous for its various markets. , Why Where shops selling jewelry, antiques, folk cuisine character Ottoman heritage, as well as shops in shopping malls.
  • Market: Bursa is the fourth largest city in Turkey in terms of population, with a population of more than 1.7 million people, and the cities of Istanbul and Ankara are mediated, and besides that it is all the main center of the province known as Bursa Governorate, and the city is considered an industrial and tourist center; it is a magnet To many Arab tourists because of its famous nature, such as Mount Uludag, which is characterized by its height, which made it the most important center for skiing, and there are many shrines of the Ottomans who inhabited the city and made it their capital, and there are many buildings that date back to the old Ottoman era , And considered from The most important monuments of the city, as there is the Great Mosque, the Prince Sultan Mosque, and others, as well as markets such as: Yildirim and Koza Khan, in addition to many museums, gardens and beaches.
  • Kemer: Antalya is located between the Taurus Mountains and the shores of the Mediterranean, and is one of the most popular tourist destinations visited by millions annually. Antalya contains a large number of distinctive and important historical monuments, including: Ataturk Park, Water Museum, Antalya Museum, mini city, Olympus Teleferic, And other resorts, beaches, cafes and various restaurants overlooking the harbor. Also, there are many Roman ruins with stunning inscriptions, such as: Hadrian’s majestic gate, and ancient mosques overlooking the sea.
  • Marmaris: Marmaris is a peninsula located in the state of Mugla in southwestern Turkey at the confluence of the two coasts of the Mediterranean and the Aegean Sea, and its origin is due to the word Marmaron, which means Greek marble, which is famous for it, and its population is about 83 thousand people, but its climate is hot and dry in summer, rain and warm In winter, the city is famous for recreation and relaxation, as well as tourist attractions such as Paradise Island, which includes the Cave of Neymara, which dates back to the ancient Greek era, and was a temple to the gods Leto, also in the city there is a famous castle, and the bridge Zazalay, and Ibrahim Aga Mosque.

tourism in Turkey

The country of Turkey is considered one of the most tourist attractions in the world at all, and it is classified as the tenth most popular tourist destination and visit, attracting more than 38 million tourists from around the world in 2020, and the Turkish government seeks to reduce taxes and service prices in order to achieve positive growth in Tourism sector, as Turkey expects tourism revenues in 2020 to reach 30 billion dollars, compared to last year when Turkish tourism revenues reached 26 billion dollars.

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