Greek island of Kos

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Greek island of Kos

It is a Greek island belonging to the South Aegean region, which is closer to the beaches of Turkey, where it is about eight kilometers from the Halicarnassus Peninsula, which is affiliated with Turkey. Hellenic women took shelter on this island to escape the Olympic gods who conquered it after a long struggle.

History of the island

Mystery surrounds the history of this island in antiquity BC, but there are many indications that it was one of the settlements affiliated with the periodicals since the eleventh century BC, as the effects of the ritual cult of the medicine machine called Asclepius, and its economy relied on trade in fine red wine And so did the silk, and civilizations continued on the island, then the oligarchic tribes ruled it, then joined the Daily Alliance, which fought the Persians and evacuated them from the Aegean region, and at the end of the fifth century BC it became one of the regions affiliated to Athens, and democracy was established in three hundred and fifty years. Sixty BC.

The island reached its prosperity during the Hellenistic period, which allied itself with the kings of Egypt at that time. Among its sons were the philosopher Hippocrates, in addition to Philitas and Theocritus.
The island came under the rule of the Romans, and this period was relatively stable except from some of the earthquakes that struck it, and it continued to thrive and progress after being subject to the rule of the Byzantines, but it was subjected to numerous invasions from the Arabs, then the Venetians seized it, and sold it to the Order of the Knights of St. John, and it became a subsidiary of the Islamic State in The Ottoman era in the year one thousand five hundred and twenty three, and it remained so for four centuries until the outbreak of the Second World War, as Nazi Germany controlled it until the year one thousand nine hundred and forty seven, then it became subordinate to Greece.

tourism

Kos Island relies mainly on its economy on tourism, as it contains many archaeological tourism areas, in addition to its distinctive geographical location, its picturesque nature, and the most important tourist monuments in it:

  • Ghour, dating back to the fourth century BC
  • Temples dedicated to Dionysus.
  • Roman baths.
  • Roman villas are full of mosaics, the most important of which is the Casa Casa Romana, which consists of thirty-six rooms and three large halls.
  • Narazia Castle.
  • The Hippocrates Tree, which is a huge lilac tree whose circumference is twelve meters long and is believed to be the tree that Hippocrates and his students met at.
  • Kos Archaeological Museum.
  • Kos Ottoman Mosque.

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