History of the Taj Mahal

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Learn about the history of the Taj Mahal in detail, the Indians call it “the alabaster poem” which has beautiful stones. Its domes tell generations about a timeless love story. It is considered a jewel of Islamic art and one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is the white palace that it is… “Taj Mahal”. Through the lines of this article, on Arab travelers, the story of the Taj Mahal and present its history.

Taj Mahal:

  • One of the ruins built by the Mughals, the Taj Mahal is a shrine that appears to glow in the moonlight, and appears suspended when viewed from the side of the Yamna River.
  • The Taj Mahal is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, due to its history, which adds to its greatness a spirit. It tells about a man who loved his wife with abundant love, and after her departure, he refused, except for an indelible memory that expresses this love.
  • There is the Taj Mahal on the western side of the mausoleum and it is for the “Jahan Numa” mosque which is made of red sandstone, and there is a guesthouse opposite the mosque.
  • Made of white marble, the moonlight is reflected upon it at all times, and it is built on the method of complete parallax. The complete image of the shrine is reflected on the stream of water in front of it.

Taj Mahal Building:

  • The Taj Mahal is a high-end example of Mughal architecture, and it has a style that combines Turkish, Ottoman, Persian and Indian architectural styles.
  • The Taj Mahal is located in the northwestern city of Accra, and it was built on a vast square. The city was the capital of the Mughal Muslim sultans. It is a shrine built in white marble, which was built by Shah Jahan in commemoration of his love for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
  • The Taj Mahal was built entirely of white marble, and it consists of several buildings that took 22 years to build, 15 of which were spent building the mausoleum, 5 years building the mosque, the main gate, minarets, and the garden. 22,000 workers and 1,000 elephants transported the materials used in the construction, and various types of Precious stones up to 28 types of inlay of the mausoleum, and various types of marble were used in the construction came from several countries, including India, China and Afghanistan.
  • The Taj Mahal consists of five elements, namely the mausoleum, the minarets, the mosque, the garden, and the guest house. The main gate is an entrance into an arched niche that rises to the center of the building, and it contains Qur’anic verses written in Arabic.
  • The garden was built in the Persian style, and there is water in the center from which four channels of water emanate from the four rivers of Paradise, and they are: We flow from milk, from water, from honey, from wine.
  • Once in the mausoleum, there is a raised room under which the burial chamber is located, and there are other rooms buried by members of the royal family.
  • The white alabaster that was brought from Jidhapur was used to cover the roof of the building with it, and was erected at all corners of the terrace of the building a minaret with a height of 37 meters, and surrounded by three balconies each, and the shrine rises in the center of the terrace quadruple, and the main dome is located in the middle part and has a diameter of 17 M.

Taj Mahal History:

  • There was a man named “Shah Jahan” and he was called “Ghiath Al-Din Khurram Bin Jahangir” before he became emperor of India, and then he was called “Shahab al-Din Muhammad Shah Jahan”, he was born in 1592 and is the third son of Emperor “Jahangir” and his grandfather is the emperor “Akbar” In 1612, Shah Jahan married Argomand Bano Begum, whom he loved since the first time he saw her on the market.
  • Arjomand grew up in a high-ranking family, and she loved music and poetry, and was characterized by beauty and intelligence, and Omar Shah Jahan was then sixteen years old, and she was fifteen years. He could not marry her at that time, so he married another, but he married Arjomand after that. His favorite.
  • She was accompanying him wherever he went and in his military campaigns. Then, after that, he became an emperor called “Mumtaz Mahal”, which means the jewel of the palace or the chosen palace. Then, in 1631, Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to her fourth son, and Shah Jahan promised her on her deathbed not to He gets married afterwards, and that he will establish for her the most beautiful, greatest and most expensive shrine on earth.
  • Its history dates back when its elaborate design was developed by “Issa Shirazi” and “Aman Allah Shirazi”, to make what is known today as the jewel of Islamic art.
  • And he built the Taj Mahal of elite architects under the supervision of the Emperor, and they had “Abdul Karim Muammar Khan”, “Ahmed Lahori” and is considered the primary designer.
  • The construction of the main shrine was completed in 1648, then five years later the garden and the buildings surrounding it were completed. Then, after the completion of the construction process, “Aurangzeb” the son of Emperor Shah Jahan took over the rule, placing his father under house arrest, and then when he died he was buried next to his wife. Mumtaz Mahal ”, and the Taj Mahal was deformed as a result of the revolution of 1857 and its stones were vandalized by British colonialism, then the British Lord George Corzone restored it at the end of the nineteenth century.
  • It was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1983.
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