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Turkish city of Bursa

Bursa is located in the northwestern part of the Turkish Republic between the capital Ankara and Istanbul, and it extends between longitudes 40 ° 11′ north and two latitudes 29 ° 04 ′ east, rises from the ground around 100 m, and its area is about 1.036 km2, while its population reached To about 1.905,570 people, according to a census in 2010, which would be the fourth most populous Turkish city.

Naming an exchange

  • The name of the city of Bursa is derived from its founder, King Prussias I, who is the king of Bithynia for the year 186 BC.
  • During the Ottoman period from 1326 to 1365 CE, Khadawandka was called the gift of God, and the Ottomans took it as their capital.
  • The city is now called Bursa Yeşil Bursa A green exchange, due to its lush gardens and green parks.

Stock terrain and climate

The Turkish city of Bursa can be divided into two climatic ranges as follows:

  • Mountain environment: It is represented by the Uludag Mountain, which has a peak height of 24,000 m.
  • Plain environment: In the north and west of the city at an altitude of 250 m, it is distinguished by green meadows, orchards, and agricultural fields.

Landmarks of Bursa

The history of the settlement of Bursa dates back to the copper age that extends between 5000-3500 BC. Among the tourist and archeological attractions of the city are the following:

Natural areas

  • Oldagh Mountain, which is characterized by the accumulation of snow throughout the year, which makes it a tourist attraction for ski lovers, and its fame is global as it holds the global Olympic ski competitions.
  • Uludag National Park, which is a nature reserve with about 104 rare plant species, a third of which is the only one in the world.
  • Lake Iznik
  • Lake Alupat.
  • Oilat springs.
  • Aweil Cave, which is the third largest in the Republic of Turkey.

Historical mosques

  • Great Mosque: It was ordered to be built by the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I during the period 1396 CE-1400 CE.
  • Green Mosque: It is one of the most beautiful mosques in the Republic of Turkey, as it is adorned with inscriptions in Arabic calligraphy.
  • Other mosques: Murad I Mosque, and El Mouradia Mosque.


  • Ataturk Museum: It is a two-storey museum that was opened in 1973, knowing that it is an ancient building dating back to the nineteenth century.
  • Armistice House Museum: It was named because of the signature or truce of the Turkish Parliament in it, and it consists of two floors and is built of wood, and it contains many documents and pictures related to signing this truce.
  • Iznik Museum: Its history dates back to the fourteenth century A.D., its architectural plan is designed in the form of an inverted T-shape, characterized by its colorful stones, Alonisi brick and its distinctive geometry in terms of domes, columns, vaults and other elements of luxurious Islamic architecture.
  • Other museums: Museum of Islamic Antiquities, and the Museum of the Ottoman House, which dates back to the seventeenth century AD.

Other parameters

  • Shrines and historical sites: It belongs to the sultans of the Othmans and their families.
  • Mineral water baths: Examples include: the old pigeon, the new pigeon, the Qara Mustafa Pasha bath, and the Armutulu bath for women.

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