Leaning Tower of Pisa

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Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa has many names, including: (Torre pendente di Pisa), (Freestanding Bell Tower) and others, which is located behind the Cathedral of Italy, and it is the third oldest building in the Cathedral Square after the Cathedral Building, and the Baptism Building. The tilt of the tower occurred at the beginning of its construction, due to the lack of sufficient foundations to support one side of this building on the land with a soft formation, which led to the inability of the foundations to bear the weight of the building from that side, and the tilt of the tower continued before the completion of the construction, and continued to do so until it was completed Building confirmation and partially correcting it at the end of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first century.

The designer of the Leaning Tower

The historians have disagreed about the identity of the designer of the Pisa Tower, for several years it was believed that they were Guglielmo and Bonanno Pisano, and they were artists of the Pisa region in the twelfth century, and according to the information obtained, Bonano left the region of Pisa in one thousand and one hundred and eighty-five AD Sicily moved, and from there he returned to die in Pisa, and he found a bronze statue bearing his name on the tower door in one thousand eight hundred and twenty AD, but this may refer only to the bronze door located at the front of the cathedral, which was destroyed in one thousand five hundred and ninety-five ..

Modern studies indicate that Diotisalvi is the original designer of the building, due to the timing of the construction, and the connection of this work with his other works, namely the Tower Of San Nicola and the Baptistery building located in Pisa, but Deutsalfi was signing his works, and there is no signature on This tower.

Build the tower

The tower was built in three stages during one hundred and ninety-nine years. Work on the ground floor with white marble began on the fourteenth of the month of August one thousand one hundred and seventy-three, during the period of wars and victories and prosperity in it, and construction began to implant in the land after its construction and the construction of the second floor In the year one thousand one hundred and seventy-eight, this was due to the laying of a foundation with a height of three meters, in a weak land on uneven land, that is, the construction was defective from the beginning, and construction continued intermittently for a whole century, due to the preoccupation of the Republic of Pisa in its wars with Genoa , Lucca, Florence, and This helped calm the dirt beneath the building, unless the building had collapsed at the time. Tommaso di Andrea Pisano.
In the year one thousand two hundred and seventy-two, Giovanni di Simone completed the construction of the tower, and the aim at that time was to compensate for the damage resulting from the tilt of the tower, by building one of the sides of the upper floors, so that it is longer than the other side, and because of that we see the tower as if it is twisted, and completed The construction was halted again in one thousand two hundred and eighty four, when Pisa was defeated in front of his soldiers in the Meloria War, and the completion of the seventh floor building in the three thousand and nineteen, and the bell room was added in the year one thousand three hundred and seventy-two by Tommaso di Andrea Pisanu. Pisano.

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