Babylon’s ancient city

On its soil, Iraq has witnessed the emergence of many great civilizations, the most prominent of which is the Sumerian civilization or the Babylonian civilization, which was established on the land of the city of Babylon, and some of its effects still exist in this ancient city, where it is located near the city of Hilla.

On the territory of this city, the Babylonian civilization went through many ruling dynasties that continued from 1880 BC to 500 BC, and the most prominent of its rulers was the leader Hammurabi, and King Nebuchadnezzar, both of whom had a prominent impact in achieving prosperity and progress, especially in Babylonian architecture, Today, ancient Archaeological Babylon is considered a unique city in attracting visitors to see its historical monuments.

Effects of Babylon

Hanging Gardens

These gardens were built in 600 BC by order of King Nebuchadnezzar in honor of his wife, and they were called the pendent because they grow and hang from the palaces balconies especially the royal palace honor, and they are considered one of the seven wonders of the world where they were built on precious stone contracts, and the plants were planted on different layers that fit trees and plants, As for its watering, it was through the water tanks that were present in the upper layers that were connected to each other with a wide staircase, and it was amazing in it that it was tightening the viewers during the spring when the flowers and leaves of trees opened, to enjoy the smell of fragrant roses, and the pleasant atmosphere during the heat season High.

Hammurabi’s Obelisk

It is the black diorite stone on which the laws of King Hammurabi, which reached eight feet tall, appear on this obelisk, which was broken into three pieces, its laws of elimination, selling, buying, stealing, marriage, the army, animal wages, etc. It contains 300 articles covering many Of life matters.

Babylon Tower

The Tower of Babel is one of the most famous monuments of Babylon, and it consists of seven spiral circular layers until it reaches the top of the high temple, and the tower contained palaces, residential buildings, and temples that fit all layers of the Babylonians.

Babel’s Lion

It is a stone statue embodied by a lion preying on a man from the enemy. It is 2.6 meters long and 12 meters high. The lion is considered a symbol of the gods of Ishtar, which dates back to the days of the rule of the Chaldeans.

Ishtar Gate

It is called the Gate of the God, the Gate of the God. This gate is distinguished by the ingenuity of its design. On the surfaces of its walls, various shapes of legendary animals were painted in ceramics and colored porcelain. The most prominent of these drawings are black, calves, dragons, and Mardukh Mardukh, whose shape combines the body of a dog. The background is the feet of a bird, and its long tail ends with a snake head.

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