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Fiji Islands are known to be an archipelago located in the southern part of the Pacific Ocean, where it is the lowest point in this ocean, which is (0 meters) at sea level, and these islands are located in the northeastern part of the island of New Zealand, where it is about 2000 km away Kilometers, and the combined area of these islands is about 18,274 square kilometers. It was formerly a colony by the United Kingdom of Britain, and it gained independence on the tenth of October 1970.
Fiji’s economy depends on the agricultural sector, and the most famous crops it produces are coconuts, mangoes, bananas, and the mineral wealth sector, whose main exports are gold, manganese, copper, and other soils such as ivory and mahogany wood.
Population of the Fiji Islands
The inhabitants of these islands are called (Fijian), and the population of them according to the 2013 statistics is about 881,065 people, and their composition varies between: Indians, Melanesians and Polynesians, the majority of whom owe the Christian religion, minorities of Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs, and it is considered the official currency that is traded People in Fiji is the Fijian dollar, and the official language of the country is Fijian, in addition to Hindi and English.
The capital of the Fiji Islands
The city of Suva is known as the official capital of the Fiji Islands, and therefore it is one of its largest cities, with an estimated area of about 2840 square kilometers, and the city is located on the southeast coast of the island (Viti Yelfu), specifically in central Fiji, and was named the capital of these islands in 1877. The city is located in the central part of the country, and there are several provinces that follow this capital:
The province of Naitasiri, which is the largest governorate with an area of about 1666 km2, Namusi, and Rywa, which is the smallest of the governorates with an area of about 272 km2, Sirwa, and Telvo.
Climate of Fiji
The climate in the islands is generally a hot climate, as the summer season extends from October to April, when the humid and relatively hot weather prevails, while the rain in them is abundant in the rest of the months of the year, and this is why tropical forests abound, in the face of Especially in the southeastern part of it.
Festive holidays for the Fiji Islands
There are many official festivals in the Fiji Islands, which are generally celebrated by the state, including Christian and Islamic religious festivals, including national holidays, foremost of which are the following:
- New Year’s Day.
- Prophets’ Birthday.
- The Friday of pain.
- Diwali Day.
- Boxing Day, known as Boxing Day.
- Fiji Week.
- Queen’s birthday.