The Iraqi National Museum
The Iraqi National Museum is an antiquities museum located in Baghdad, which includes a group of Iraqi artifacts and art dating back to the Stone Age and the Middle Ages, as archaeologists from Europe and the United States after the First World War carried out many excavations throughout Iraq, and to prevent these discoveries from Getting out of Iraq, the British intelligence agent Gerotrodbell, an archaeologist and director of antiquities in Iraq, collected artifacts in a government building inside Baghdad in 1922 AD, and in 1926 AD the Iraqi government established the Baghdad Archeology Museum and moved the archaeological collection to it, and by 1966 AD Say this group to a new two-story building in a neighborhood called senior in Baghdad, from here the name of the museum was changed to the Iraqi National Museum.
The museum includes artifacts dating back to the Sumerian, Babylonian, Akkadian, Assyrian, and Chaldean civilizations, and also contains a collection of exhibitions that specialize in displaying Arab and Islamic art and antiques.
The Martyr’s Monument
It is a monument considered as a reminder of the lives of the martyrs who were lost in the Iran-Iraq war, as this monument rises from an artificial lake in Baghdad, so it looks like a kind of surrealistic monument that resulted from an ancient civilization, and the monument of the martyr was established during the era of Saddam Hussein’s regime, and was completed From its construction in 1983, as it was designed by the Iraqi sculptor (Ismail Fath Al-Turk), and this monument consists of the Arabesque dome, which is about 40 meters in length, covered by ceramic tiles, divided from the middle to the bottom with a flame inside its hollow, and is found under this memorial Library, museum and many other facilities, all centered around y Hate Iraqi soldiers who were killed during the war.
The ancient city of Samarra
This city is the site of a strong Islamic capital that ruled a group of governorates of the Abbasid Empire that extended from Tunisia to Central Asia, and this city is located on both sides of the Tigris River to the north of Baghdad, about 130 km away, and this city is characterized by architectural and technical innovations that developed in the region and then spread to areas Others, as the Great Mosque and the spiral minaret are among the monuments of this city.
It is a school that was established at the time of the Abbasids in 1227 AD in Baghdad, and that was at the hands of the Caliph Al-Mustansir Billah, as it was considered a cultural and scientific center, and the school overlooks the shore of the Tigris River, which is a theological school, meaning that it was teaching the four Islamic Orthodox schools, and its construction lasted 6 years It was opened in 1234 AD.
Other effects of the city of Baghdad
Among the most important monuments of the city of Baghdad are the following:
- Fractional strand.
- Al-Khatoon Tomb Lighthouse.
- Collector of the Caliphate.
- Khan Murjan.
- Urban city.