The largest province in Turkey

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Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey

Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey in terms of population, with a population of approximately 13.82 million people, which is approximately 20% of the total population in the Turkish Republic, and the population in it grows by 3.45% due to the influx of a large number of immigrants to it, where Individuals from the eastern part of Turkey, i.e. from the rural areas, turn to it in order to search for investment and employment opportunities, and improve the quality of life, as it is considered an economic, historical, and cultural center for the country, and it has a developed industrial sector that produces different types of goods, such as: tobacco, oil Olives.

Economy in Istanbul

Istanbul is considered one of the most important commercial centers in the Turkish Republic, where 36% of exports pass, and 40% of imports pass, and it is considered an industrial city. It produces approximately 45% of the national production and provides approximately 45% of jobs to individuals, as it produces Many industries, such as: textiles, oil products, rubber, metals, leather, chemicals, glass, electronics, and cars.

Education in Istanbul

Istanbul includes 3,500 primary and secondary schools, and the national literacy rate is about 70%, and the first university was established in 425 AD by Theodosius II, and in 1453 AD the university achieved remarkable success, and then foreign educational institutions were established, such as: Robert American College for Boys, and American College for Girls.

Istanbul city

Istanbul was called Byzantium in 657 B.C., a name that may be derived from the name Byzas, who was a Greek leader from Megara, and in 196 AD the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus rebuilt it after it was destroyed during the outbreak of various oppositions. In the civil war, and it was called Augusta Antonina in honor of his son, then Constantine the Great took it as his capital in the year 330 AD, and at that time he called it New Rome, then the Arabs in the thirteenth century called it Istinpolin ), Then it was called Istanbul after a while Of.

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