The Russian Federation is located in northern Eurasia and has common borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, Mongolia and North Korea. Russia has a federal republican system of government. Russia is considered one of the most important world tourism destinations in which the ingredients of tourism vary to include charming natural places, historical and cultural monuments, in addition to recreational places, as it has 23 world heritage sites on the UNESCO list.
The organization of the World Cup in Russia will have a major impact on the tourist movement, with more than a million fans expected to attend. Arab fans will flock to Russia, as four Arab teams have qualified for the World Cup. Here are the most important places to visit while attending the World Cup in Russia:
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The World Cup will start in the capital, Moscow, which will host the opening match and other matches, and fans can explore the city, which has a rich history, majestic architecture and important cultural heritage.
The Red Square is the most famous square in all Russia for its important historical and political events throughout the ages. The field, which was included in the list of the UNESCO World Heritage in 1990, is located in the center of the capital, Moscow, on the eastern side of the Kremlin, and close to the famous “Gome” store and the famous “Kitai Gorod” district. In the north there is the Historical Museum and the Cathedral of the “Kazan Icon”, and to the south is the “Pokrovsky” Cathedral. Next to the Kremlin wall is the mausoleum of Communist leader Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, “Lenin”, the founder of the former Soviet Union.
The Kremlin is a Russian word meaning castle or fortress. The word is given today to the old Moscow Center, surrounded by a huge wall. The Kremlin includes several luxurious palaces that were once owned by the Tsar and his men before they became museums after the fall of the Russian Empire. The Kremlin is located in the capital, Moscow, on the hill “Borovetsky” on the left side of the Moskova River.
Christ the Redeemer Cathedral
Christ the Redeemer Cathedral is located in the capital, Moscow, and was built by Tsar Alexander I in 1839, in gratitude for the divine providence that protected Russia upon leaving Napoleon. In 1931, by order of the Soviet Minister Kaganovich, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was destroyed by dynamite and turned into rubble. With the end of the Soviet era, the Russian Orthodox Church obtained permission to rebuild the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in 1990.
The Bolshoi Theater in Moscow is one of the most important tourist, cultural and artistic places in the country. Its foundation dates back to 1776 by order of Empress Catherine the Great to stage plays and art shows. The word “Bolshoy” in Russian means the big thing.
A cruise excursion on the banks of the Moscow River
One of the best popular leisure options is not only for the visitors of the capital but also for its residents, the option of riding a boat along the Moscow River. The river cruise allows passengers to discover Moscow, its historical and engineering monuments, and see some important tourist places such as museums, palaces, theaters and parks.
Saint Petersburg is located in northwest Russia, in the eastern Gulf of Finland and the Baltic Sea. It is the second capital of Russia after Moscow and one of the most important and largest cities, and it is the birthplace of the current President Vladimir Putin. It was previously known as “Leningrad”. Founded by Tsar Peter I in 1703.
The Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg is one of the largest museums in the world, and contains 3 million masterpieces (not displayed once), and one of the oldest museums and art, human, historical and cultural exhibitions in the world. The international branches of the Hermitage are located in Amsterdam, London, Las Vegas and Ferrara (Italy). The Hermitage holds the Guinness book of the world’s largest collection of paintings.
A historical theater of opera and ballet works in Saint Petersburg, which opened in 1860, and became one of the most prominent musical theaters in Russia in the late nineteenth century, where it presented the masterpieces of Tchaikovsky, Mosorgsky, and Korsakov for the first time. The theater is home to ballet, opera and orchestras that all bear the name Marinsky.
One of the most beautiful, luxurious and magnificent engineering complexes of Peterhof Palace and the surrounding parkland is not only in Russia but also in Europe. The palace gardens feature 170 water fountains and water pools decorated with gold-plated statues. The idea of this palace project appeared to the Russian Emperor Peter the Great, who wanted to build a palace in the countryside no less beautiful than Versailles.
Sochi is located on the Black Sea and is considered one of the most beautiful tourist destinations in Russia and winter sports enthusiasts come to it from all parts of Russia and abroad. Sochi was previously affiliated with a Circassian tribe and is currently considered one of the most important luxury Russian resorts located on the banks of the Black Sea.