Table of Contents

State of Bulgaria

Bulgaria is a parliamentary democracy located in the southeast of the continent of Europe, overlooking the Black Sea to the west, bordered to the north by Romenia, to the south by Turkey and Greece, to the west by the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro, Bulgaria is one of the oldest countries in the continent of Europe, and ranks Sixteenth in terms of area, with an area of ​​about 110,910 km², and Bulgaria is characterized by its picturesque nature, which attracts tourists from all over the world.


The population of Bulgaria in the year 2015 AD was about 7.178 million people, the vast majority of them are Bulgarians about 83.5% of the total population, there are also minorities from different tribes, and the Turks constitute about 9.5% of the total population, and the Rome constitute about 4.7%, and there are groups Others such as: Jews, Armenians, Tatars, and Russians.


The Bulgarian language is the official language in the country, and it is spoken by about 84.5% of the population. It is used in education in schools and universities, in markets and sales and purchases, and a large number of the population speaks English, which is the language used to receive tourists from all over the world.


The Christian religion is considered to be the most prevalent in Bulgaria, and about 84% of the total population owes it, while the Islamic religion is about 13%, and other Christian denominations constitute about 3%.

the currency

The Bulgarian Lev is considered the official currency used in all commercial and material transactions and sales and purchases in Bulgaria.

the climate

Bulgaria is characterized by its dynamic climate, due to its position at the meeting point of the Mediterranean and continental air masses, and its atmosphere is characterized by very cold.

What is Bulgaria famous for?

  • It is famous for its topographical nature, most notably the Danube Plain, the Thracian Plain, the Balkan Mountains and the Rhodope Mountains.
  • Bulgaria is home to the highest point on the Balkan Peninsula, which has a height of about 2,925 meters.
  • Bulgarian folklore is an essential component of folklore and is used to exclude diseases and evil spirits.
  • Bulgaria relies heavily on its economy on the tourism sector, as it was home to many civilizations such as Romen, Byzantine and Ottoman, and it has many monuments, tourism and historical artifacts, as there are nine sites of UNESCO World Heritage, and one of the most prominent areas of tourist attraction in them:
    • Alexander Nevsky Cathedral: Located in the capital Sofia, it is the largest cathedral on the Orthodox doctrine of the Balkan Peninsula, and is characterized by its construction, precious contents and the beauty of the streets around.
    • Wadi Al-Ward area: It is located in the center of Bulgaria and is characterized by its mild climate, especially in the month of June. The makers of Al-Attar depend on 80% of Alwad production of roses.
    • Roussa: The city was built more than 1900 years ago, and it is characterized by its contain of a Romen castle and the art of architecture that dates back to the architecture of Central Europe, as there is a railway line linking the city directly to the Bulgarian capital.
    • Sofia Zoo: It is the oldest zoo in Bulgaria, where it was founded in 1888 AD, and includes more than 244 different species of animals.

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