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Egypt is known (in English: Egypt) as an Arab country located in the north of the continent of Africa, and it is officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt, and it is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea from the northern side, the Red Sea from the eastern side, from the south Sudan, from the west by Libya, and from the north side Eastern Palestine. The length of the land borders of Egypt reaches about 2,665 km, while the total length of the Egyptian coastal coast is 2450 km, and Cairo is the official capital of Egypt, which is located in the northeastern part.

Famous landmarks in Egypt

Egypt is famous for a number of archaeological, historical and natural monuments, the most important of which are:

  • sphinxIt is one of the most famous monuments of ancient and modern Egypt, which is considered a symbol of the Egyptian civilization, and the Sphinx is located in the Giza region, as it follows the pyramids in which it is located, and represents a Pharaonic conception of a mythical statue, consisting of a lion’s body and a human head, which is the largest statue in The world is more than 240 feet long.
  • The pyramid of KhufuIt is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, which is still present, as it was designed in the past, and this pyramid was built around the year 2584 BC to be the tomb of the pharaoh Khufu, which is the largest pyramid among the three pyramids of Giza; they are: Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure.
  • The Nile RiverIt is one of the famous natural monuments in Egypt, as it is the longest global river, as it reaches more than 4100 miles, and the Nile River Delta passes from the city of Cairo, which led to its separation in half, and in the areas near the course of the Nile River the Egyptian civilization mixes between Ancient and archaeological monuments, and modern civilization, which reflects the urban development in Egypt.
  • Salah al-den al-ayobi’s castleIt is an ancient castle located near the center of Cairo, and dates back to the era of the rule of Salah al-Din Al-Ayyubi of Egypt, as it is one of the well-known monuments, which indicates the resistance of Muslims to the Crusader invasion in the Middle Ages, where this castle was used as a fortress to defend Egypt and its lands. It contains many constellations, which were used in the past for observation, and at the present time contain a group of museums, which collect artifacts dating back to the era in which the castle was used.
  • Cairo TowerIt is a historical tower that dates back to 1961 AD. It is located in the Zamalek neighborhood in Cairo, and is one of the tallest buildings in the continent of Africa, reaching a height of 614 feet. Currently, the tower is surrounded by many tourist and popular places that contribute to encouraging Tourists visit him to see the beauty of his design.

history of Egypt

The history of the Egyptian civilization dates back thousands of years. Many civilizations appeared on its land, the most important of which was the Pharaonic civilization, and in the year 30 BC Egypt was invaded by the Romens, which led to it becoming part of the Romen Empire, and then it followed the Byzantine Empire, until it reached Islamic conquest of her in the time period between 639 CE – 642 CE.
Islamic civilization contributed greatly to the development of Egypt, as the Arab culture spread, which became part of the Egyptian society, and clearly affected the public life in Egypt, especially with the emergence of the Egyptian Arab dialect, which distinguished the Egyptian people from other Arab peoples, and the society was The Egyptian at that time brought together many people of different origins, such as Arabs, Kurds, Turks, Circassians, and others.
In 1798 AD Napoleon led a campaign for the occuAl Bahahn of Egypt, and succeeded in imposing French control over its territory, and Egypt was at that time economically prosperous by virtue of its geographical location, which contributed to the promotion of trade between it, and between the countries of the continents of Asia, Europe, and the countries in the continent of Africa, and led This development in Egypt subsequently increased the European ambitions to control it, which led to the occuAl Bahahn of the English forces, and the impact of this occuAl Bahahn continued until the Second World War.
In 1952, Egypt moved from the monarchy to the republican system, and the new Egyptian state was keen to get rid of English control over Egyptian lands completely. In 1956 AD it was announced that the Suez Canal would be nationalized, to become fully dependent on the Egyptian state, and Egypt had been affected since the middle of the century The twentieth century AD in successive global events, such as: the Cold War, the war with Israel, and other events, and at the present time, Egyptian society is witnessing social development in many public areas, which have contributed to the Egyptian civilization development, which has kept pace with developments Th.

Egyptian geographical topography

The total geographical area of ​​the Arab Republic of Egypt reaches 1,001,449 km², and its geographical topography is divided into four regions; namely:

  • Valley and Nile DeltaIt is the region that extends along the Nile River region, and is associated with the Nile Delta, which emerged because of the level of land in the region, and the decline of the river’s waters, which led to the emergence of many coastal plains, and the shallow area in which the delta is found, which extends from the eastern region To the western region along the sea coast of the Mediterranean, and from the northern region to the southern region near Damietta in Egypt.
  • Western DesertIt is the desert that is also called the Libyan Desert, due to its presence near the Egyptian-Libyan border, and this region is the largest geographical region in Egypt, and it extends in the form of a large plateau, which is associated with a group of small hills, which are formed from stones, especially limestone. , Which is spreading widely in this region.
  • The Eastern DesertIt is the desert that is also called the Arabian Desert, which forms the area extending from the Nile Valley region to the Red Sea Coast region, and the highlands of the sea are among the most famous geographical terrain in this region, which consists of fiery rocks and mountain blocks, and this suffers from this: The region lacks agricultural potential due to water scarcity.
  • Sinai peninsulaIt is the region that extends from the northeastern side, and is located in the border distance between Egypt and Palestine and is divided into three sub-regions; namely:
    • Northern Plain: The plain containing sand and the waterway of Wadi Al-Arish.
    • Altah Plateau: It is a limestone plateau, and a group of valleys are located near it.
    • The ancient mountainous mass: it is the highest mountainous region in the Sinai Peninsula, located to the north of the Red Sea.

Population in Egypt

The estimated number of the population of Egypt reaches more than 94 million people, and the population of Egyptian origins is 99.6%, and the Arabic language is the official language of Egypt, with the use of both the English and French languages ​​in many public areas, and Islam is the official religion In Egypt, where Muslims constitute 90% of the population, while the remaining 10% is for residents belonging to the Christian religion in its various denominations. The population density in Egypt is divided between urban and rural areas.

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