What is the capital of Addis Ababa?

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Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia

Addis Ababa is the capital of the state of Ethiopia, and it is one of the countries located in the Horn of Africa, and Ethiopia has an area of ​​about 1,100,000 square kilometers, and more than 102 million people live, which makes it the second largest country in the African continent in terms of population, and borders the country to the north and north Eastern Eritrea, south of Kenya, east Somalia and Djibouti, west Sudan and South Sudan.

Historical background about Addis Ababa

The first settlement was established on the site of the city of Addis Ababa by Emperor Menelik II who ruled Showa in 1886 AD, and it is a historical region in Ethiopia, and it is noteworthy that his wife, Empress Taito Bitol, who chose the site of the settlement, as she ordered to build a house on the site, can she and others One of the members of the ruling family took baths in the hot springs located in the region, and soon the houses of nobles and employees in the area were built, the settlement was expanded, and the imperial palace became the residence of the ruling family, and it is noteworthy that the city took the name of Addis Ababa when Menelik II became Embra War Ethiopia, and then the city has evolved rapidly, and has become one of the important cities in the African continent.

It should be noted here that the city of Addis Ababa was the capital of Italian East Africa, in the period between 1936-1941 AD, and during this period modern stone houses were built, especially in European residence areas, and many roads were paved, and the region witnessed many new innovations; As building a water tank in the west, and building a hydroelectric power station in the south, this was also a limited change in it during the period between 1941-1960, but slowly and gradually developed, after the independence of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa became its capital.

The role of Addis Ababa in Ethiopia

The Ethiopian capital plays a distinctive role in the country, as it is the seat of the Ethiopian national government, the headquarters of the main government institutions, departments, and offices, and it contains the imperial palace, which represents the headquarters and office of the prime minister, in addition to the presence of the Ethiopian parliament building in it, and it is referred to as the political capital Of the African continent.

Tourist attractions in Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa contains many attractions, the most important of which are the following:

  • Museums, which are among the most important tourist attractions in the city, where these museums tell the story of the city, and the stories of its ancient rulers, and include the Ethiopian Ethnic Museum, the Addis Ababa Museum, the Ethiopian Natural History Museum, the Ethiopian Railroad Museum, and the National Post Museum.
  • Churches, including: St. George’s Cathedral, and the Holy Trinity Cathedral.
  • Tomb of Emperor Haile Selassie.
  • The National Palace, which was known as the Jubilee Palace.
  • Hagger Vikker Theater.
  • Mercato Market.

Other information about Addis Ababa

There is a lot of information on Addis Ababa, including the following:

  • The city is the educational and administrative center of Ethiopia, with the University of Addis Ababa, and many colleges of teacher training, technical schools, and others.
  • It has the headquarters of many international organizations, the most important of which are the African Union and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.
  • It manufactures textiles, shoes, food, beverages, wood products, plastics, and chemical products.


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