What is the capital of Britain

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Britain

Britain (English: Britain), is a united country located in the northwestern part of the continent of Europe, but its official name is the United Kingdom; therefore the system of government is considered a constitutional monarchy, but all the actual powers are in the hands of the President and the Council of Ministers, just as the British Parliament is He who represents the people, controls the legislation in the state, and consists of the Queen, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons, and the Prime Minister is chosen as the head of the party that makes up the majority of the House of Commons members.

The judiciary in Britain operates according to a special legal system in every British province. The judicial system in Northern Ireland differs from that in Scotland, and cases in local courts are transferred to the higher courts for appeal.

London is the capital of Britain

London is the official capital of Britain, and is classified as one of the oldest historical cities in the world, with a age of approximately 2000 years. It is currently the largest British city and the main center for many businesses and public areas, such as economy and culture. London is located in the southeastern side of Britain near the River Thames, and is characterized by that it contains many departments and administrative centers, such as the police force building, chambers of commerce, the opera house, universities, and others.
The Romans established the first civilizational landmarks in London in the first century AD, and they are now called Square Mile, and the city managed to preserve its borders since the Middle Ages, which contributed to influencing its areas such as Westminster and its suburbs whose administrative structures were developed, while the central framework For the city of London, it contains all the judicial, legislative and executive powers, as there are many extensive parks, and modern areas suitable for housing and shopping. London contains many landmarks, the most famous being Big Ben, the Parliament, which is one of the oldest buildings in history, and Buckingham Palace.

Geographical topography

The total geographical area of ​​the city of London reaches about 1572 km², British lands are divided into four main federal provinces, and all of them constitute the total geographical area of ​​the country and is equivalent to approximately 244,100 km², while the proportions of the territory of the federal provinces of Britain area are distributed in the following order: England 53.5% Scotland 32.2%, Wales 8.5%, and Northern Ireland 5.8%. The geographical topography of British lands is diverse in terms of the different regions and the constituent forms of its lands, and it is distributed over a group of ranges, namely:

  • Mountains: It is from the geographical topography in Britain, and is divided into the following chains:
    • The northern mountain range: It is the mountains that extend from the northeastern side to the southwestern side, and its height reaches 1100 m. Among the most famous mountains are Jabal Bin Derg and Jabal Bin Hope.
    • The Central Mountain Range: It is a British mountain, also known as the Grampian Mountains, and it extends from the Glen Moore canal on the northern side to the Glasgow depression on the southern side, and it is considered one of the high mountains;
    • Southern Mountain Range: It is a mountain that extends from the Glasgow depression to the southern side of Scotland near the western and eastern coasts, and the height of its central sections reaches approximately 900 m, and its southern sections drop to the equivalent of 815 m.
  • Plains: It is the geographical land that constitutes 80% of the state’s area, and is often considered lowland that extends to the southern and eastern sides of the Benin Mountains, and its height ranges between approximately 200m-300m, and in the west there are the Cotswold Hills, while in the middle there are the Chiltern Hills.
  • Rivers: It is a group of surface geographical forms scattered on British soil, the most famous of which are the Don River in Scotland, the Thames River, the Mercy River in England, the River Tuy in Wales, and the Lagan River in Northern Ireland.

the climate

The prevailing climate in Britain is generally moderate, and southwestern winds blow to the British regions. The temperatures range from the northern to the southern regions, ranging between 3-5 degrees Celsius in the winter, while the temperatures in the summer range from 12-16 degrees percentage.

The average annual temperature within the western regions above the sea level ranges between 8 degrees in the area of ​​Haberges, to 11 degrees in the southwestern side of England. The average rainfall in all British lands exceeds 100 cm, and its levels within the northern and western highlands increase to more than 380 cm. The average temperature in London in the daytime is 11 ° C and 5.5 ° C in January, and the temperature rises to 18 ° C in July.

Economy

The economy sector in Britain is considered one of the most important global economic and financial sectors, as the British economy is ranked third among the countries of the continent of Europe after France and Germany, and dependence on agriculture as one of the most important economic fields, as it contributes to the production of the equivalent of 60% of the food needs And Britain has a large amount of natural gas reserves, coal, and oil derivatives, and both business and private services in the banking sector, and insurance are among the most important factors for Britain’s private GDP growth. London is the financial center of the country and is keen on implementing capitalist economic policy.
After the global economic crisis in 2008, the British government was keen to search for appropriate measures to support the economic sector, and to maintain the stability of the financial market, and in 2010 the government began to implement austerity in order to address the fiscal deficit and reduce debt levels, as the London plan seeks Economic to work to get rid of the fiscal deficit in the year 2020 AD, with a decrease in the taxes on establishments from 20% to 18%. At present, a number of variables are affecting the British economy, the most important of which is the vote to leave Britain from the European Union, and the Bank of England is considering raising interest rates in order to maintain the continuity of the growth of the British economy sector.

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