Mosul traces

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Mosul

The Iraqi city of Mosul is classified as the second most populated city at the level of Iraqi cities, with two million people residing on its land, and it is the center and capital of Nineveh Governorate, separated from the Iraqi capital Baghdad four hundred and sixty-five kilometers. The dialect spoken by its residents converges with the dialects of the northern Syrian cities.

The people of Mosul are considered to be Sunnis, and five tribes reside within their borders: the Shamar tribe, the Jabour, the Dulaim, the Taei tribe, and the Baggara. As for the people of the Christian religion, they are the Kurds, Turkmen, and al-Shabab. The city of Mosul depends on commercial exchange with Syria and Turkey.

Mosul carried several titles, including humpbacks, due to the deflection of the course of the Tigris River and its poles when it crossed north of the city of Mosul.

Mosul climate

Mosul is affected by the semi-arid climate due to its height reached two hundred and twenty meters above sea level, and its summer is characterized by drought and high temperature, while in winter it witnesses a rainy precipitation of three hundred and seventy-five millimeters, and temperatures may drop to below zero.

Mosul traces

  • Najafi Street: It is one of the oldest streets in Mosul, and it is of great cultural importance, so it was established by the first library in Mosul, and the first publishing house, and is famous for selling books, which made the people of Mosul a lover of reading and culture, and the shelves of Mosul’s libraries were filled with books of Islamic jurisprudence and Islamic schools of thought, He wrote interpretation, international and Arab novels, and history books.
  • The mosques: The city embraces two universities throughout it, namely:
    • The Umayyad Mosque: This mosque was built by Ataba Bin Farqad Al-Salami in the sixteenth year of migration, in the year six hundred and thirty-seven AD in the early Islamic era, and the people of Mosul are now called the ancient mosque.
    • The Great Mosque: The Great Mosque was built in Mosul in the six hundred and sixty-eight Hijri years, i.e. one thousand one hundred and seventy-two A.D. at the hands of Al-Adil Nur ad-Din, and it is considered the second mosque in Mosul, and the mosque’s features disappeared and only the minaret of the Hadba minaret was left, and it is considered one of the most famous monuments of Mosul.
  • Churches:
    • St. Thomas Apostle Church of the Syriac Orthodox: This church is one of the most ancient churches in Mosul, and it is indicated that it was built in the sixth century AD, and the Archdiocese of Mosul took it as the headquarters of the Orthodox Syrians.
    • Church of Mar Ahodama: It was built by the Takartans who were displaced to Mosul in the ninth century AD.
    • St. Fethiyon Church: This church was built in the tenth century, and it is considered one of the oldest churches of the Chaldeans.
    • The Church of the Hour: Founded in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-three AD by the Dominican Fathers, the most famous of which is the Clock Tower.
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