The historic building “Hassan Silo” is located in the city of Rabat, the capital of the Kingdom of Morocco and its largest city, and its construction came by order of Sultan Yaqoub al-Mansur al-Almohadi, in the era of the Almohads, in the year five hundred and ninety-three years of migration, and this mosque is considered one of the largest mosques in that period, and it was destroyed And disappearance in the year one thousand seven hundred and fifty-five AD, after an earthquake struck the city of Rabat.
The remaining monuments from this historic edifice indicate the magnificence and magnificence of the building, as it rises from the surface of the land by about one hundred and eighty meters, and its width reaches one hundred and forty meters, and it is erected over an area that extends to two thousand five hundred and fifty square meters, and is considered one of the most prestigious mosques And luxury in the Middle East, and gives indications of the importance attached to the ligament during the reign of the Almohad state.
Due to the historical importance of the building, the UNESCO World Heritage Organization included it in the preliminary list in the cultural category, on the first of July of the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety-five AD.
The building reflects the Andalusian and Maghreb architecture as it used materials used in its construction in the past for Moroccans, including carved stone, plaster, sandstone, wood and marble materials, and a group of towers are built to the sides of the qibla, which were taken as a style of decoration, but in fact its mission is to maintain the balance of this Building.
The mosque used to draw water through the so-called “dahira”, as it was at that time a major source of water supply for the city, by setting up a number of channels over a large arcade.
The silo of the mosque
Sultan Yaqoub Al-Mansur Almohadi decided to choose a suitable location for the silo, as the place would be the most capable of carrying gravity and its durability.
The silo rises to a height of about forty-four meters, and inside it has a twist staircase that ends on the upper floor of the silo, and on each of the six floors of the silo there are rooms, and the splendor of the Andalusian Moroccan style appears through the motifs and patterns that decorate the facades of all the rooms.
The wall called Al-Manar works to preserve the balance of the silo, and its width reaches two and a half meters, and a wall is raised around the silo approximately nine meters, and a width of up to one and a half meters, located parallel to the mihrab, and the mosque and its silo narrate the Andalusian engineering art in Al-Omran, and the width reaches The sides of the lighthouse to sixteen meters, and rise to sixty five meters.
The components of the mosque
The mosque is characterized by its huge size and area, as its area reaches 139 m × 139 m, and the prayer hall in the mosque extends to an area of one thousand nine hundred and thirty two meters, and this area is considered an area that no other mosque has ever stretched the same, and the prayer hall is a group of dishes one of them It is large and is located near Al-Manar, and two other courtyards are located to the side and center of the large courtyard.
Column heights vary in the mosque, ranging from three meters to a quarter of a meter to six and a half meters. The mosque generally consists of:
- The prayer house, which is in the shape of the Latin alphabet T, includes eighteen bays of the house, distributed on the sides of the house three, and on the north of it are seven, and the rest are surrounded by the house, and adjacent to the two small nave.
- Mosque columns: The number of columns that the mosque contains reaches four hundred columns, and it has sixteen entrances from the entrances distributed on the western, eastern, and northern sides.
- The mihrab of the mosque: The mihrab is about three meters high, and with an equal width as well, he used this mosque as a place of work for the Franks.
- The doors of the mosque: Seven doors directly supervise the courtyard, and these columns are large in size and reach more than ten meters in width with a width that exceeds also ten meters.
- The nave of the mosque: its area is equal to the area of the prayer house, as it reaches 139 x 139 m. This nave contains a group of wells, reaching a length of about sixty-nine meters, with a width of twenty-eight meters.