Manama is the capital of Bahrain
Manama is the capital of the Kingdom of Bahrain, located in the east of the Arabian Peninsula, since its independence from the State of Britain (United Kingdom) in 1971 AD, and it is a coastal city located in the northeastern part of the island of Bahrain, and its area is approximately 25 square kilometers, and is an important financial, economic and industrial center in Bahrain, which is one of the four governorates of the Kingdom, namely: Muharraq Governorate, Capital Governorate, Northern Governorate, and Southern Governorate, with a population of approximately 120,000 people, according to statistics in 2009, and is considered one of the most cities in the world in population density due to its small area compared to the number of its population.
General information about Manama
- Manama was founded in about 1300 A.D., and it began to appear after its fall under the rule of the Portuguese who ruled it for a century, then the city fell under the rule of the Iranian ruling regimes, then its rulers ruled the Al-Madkour Al-Omanis, to receive the ruling after them Al Khalifa, its current rulers.
- The Capital Governorate is connected to Muharraq Governorate, to the northeast of it, through several bridges over the sea.
- It contains a main port in the south of it called the Solomon Port, and near this port is the Industrial Free Zone, which contains several factories for fish canning, flour milling, and ship building and repair.
- The city of Manama was chosen to be the capital of Arab culture for the year 2012 AD, and it was chosen as the capital of the Arab tourism for the year 2013 AD.
- Manama hosted the Third Gulf Cooperation Council Summit in 1982.
- Palm trees, fresh springs, citrus farms and fruit trees are common in Manama.
The most important landmarks in Manama
- Popular markets: Such as the Wednesday market for selling local products, the blacksmith market, and the Al-Safafeer market for selling copper and silver vessels and bleaching them, in addition to modern markets such as the gold market that contains all the gold and jewelry stores in Manama, the Abaya market to sell luxury women’s gowns, and many other commercial complexes.
- Al Areen Reserve: It was built to protect and nurture rare animals for the purpose of keeping them from extinction.
- Beit Al Qur’an Museum: It is a museum for the service of the Noble Qur’an, topped with a dome of stained glass, and inside it contains rare Qur’anic copies, and a library containing various books in the Qur’an sciences and Sharia studies.
- Bahrain Fort or Portugal Fort: It is the oldest castle in the Arabian Gulf, and dates back to the sixteenth century AD, was built by the Portuguese, and recently registered in the World Heritage List (UNESCO).
- Other parameters: The Bahrain National Museum, the Al-Fateh Mosque, the two lighthouses of the Al-Khamis Mosque, the King Fahd Suspension Bridge connecting Bahrain to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Ain Adhari Park, Arad Castle, and City Center Bahrain.