What is the capital of Comoros

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Comoros

Comoros is a country located on the eastern side of the continent of Africa, and is officially known as the Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros, as its lands form a group of islands that are united with each other, and which differ in their geographical sizes between the large and small islands, the following are the arrangement of the main islands:

  • Grande Comore: It is the largest of the main islands in terms of geographical area, as it reaches an area of ​​2380 km², and contains both the city of Fomboni and the city of Moroni.
  • Anjouan Island: It is an island called scented island because it contains many plants and flowers, and its geographical area reaches 424 km2.
  • Mayotte: It is one of the islands close to Madagascar, and in the past it contains the capital of the state, and its geographical area reaches 374 km2.
  • Moheli Island: It is the last island among the main islands, and it is known as the Green Island, and its geographical area is estimated at 290 km2.

The Comoros is considered one of the countries distinguished for its strategic location, as it is located in the navigational region that connects the southern side of the Asian continent and the southern side of the continent of Africa, as it is located in the central region of the northern entrance to Mozambique within the Indian Ocean, and away from the coasts of Madagascar at a distance of 250 km, either from The African coasts are 350 km away, and the islands are located to the south of the equator. The total area of ​​the Comoros is estimated to be about 3468 km2.

The capital of the Comoros Islands

Moroni is the official capital of Comoros. It is also a coastal city and one of the largest inhabited settlements, located in the southwestern side of the Comoros within the Indian Ocean region. The city of Moroni was established by Arab immigrants during the tenth century AD, but the first capital of the Comoros Islands was not, but the capital was located on the island of Mayotte, and then moved to Moroni in 1958 AD.
The port of Moroni is one of the most famous natural ports, and it contains a small natural bay, and it also contributes to supporting marine exports that depend on the export of coffee, cocoa and vanilla. Moroni contains a group of factories that manufacture oils, minerals, wood tools, soft drinks, and others. As for the general appearance of the city’s landmarks, it is a mixture between modern and traditional buildings linked to Arab traditions, and also contains many mosques, and has an international airport.

Geography

Most of the Comoros lands appeared due to the volcanic activity that contributed to the appearance of most of its geographical topography. The Kartala volcano is one of the most famous active volcanoes on the Comoros, and its summit height reaches about 2,361 m above sea level within the lands of the Greater Comoros. Volcanic valleys are many valleys and plateaus resulting from lava volcanoes, and there are a group of basaltic components in some parts of the islands that reach a height of approximately 2000 m.
The coastline in the islands forms a narrow range, and contains a group of swamps extending over most coasts, and also is characterized by the spread of a group of barrier and marginal coral barriers, most of which are surrounded by the island of Mayotte, and the geological ground layers are places that store water; they contain an appropriate amount of water It is characterized by its approach to the surface of the earth, and this water is used by the inhabitants of the islands.

the climate

The climate prevailing in the Comoros is experiencing high temperatures, but the gusts of land, sea and mountain winds contribute to softening the general climate, and the percentage of humidity in the islands increases throughout the year, while the precipitation is very little, as the Comoros is considered one of the countries that suffer from the spread of drought in Its lands, and the dry months extend from May to October, and the average temperature reaches 27 degrees Celsius in the summer, while the average temperature decreases in the winter to 23 degrees Celsius. The maximum temperature reaches 30 degrees Celsius, and it drops to 19 degrees Celsius in the cold season. March is the hottest month of the year.

Population

The estimated population of Moroni is 56,000 between 2014-2015, according to the United Nations. Population statistics for 2016 indicate that the estimated population of Comoros has reached 794,678 people. Society in the Comoros is made up of diverse ethnic groups. The majority of the population density is for people of African descent mixed between Malay and Madagascar. There are also tribes of Arab origin, and a small number of Indians live within the islands. The French and Arabic are the two official languages ​​on the Comoros, and the spoken language is traditional and close to the Swahili language, and Islam is the most prevalent religion among the population by about 99%, while the remainder is for the people who convert to Christianity and the Hindu religion.

Economy

The Comorian economy sector suffers from a decline in economic development, which led to weak economic growth. The lunar franc coin witnessed a decrease in its financial value against the US dollar.

The sector of the economy in the Comoros is small and does not contain diversification in the economic fields, but the economy of the Comoros has been able to achieve growth in its levels by 3.5% during the year 2013 AD, but it regressed again in both 2014 and 2015 AD, as the economy sector depends Lunar import, which resulted in an increase in financial pressures affecting local prices, which led to a decline in consumption. Moroni is involved in the economy sector through agricultural production, as it is famous for cultivating cocoa, rice, cloves, citrus and sweet potatoes, and is characterized by the spread of handicrafts and traditional industry.

tourism

The tourism sector in Comoros is not developed, due to the instability of political conditions in the country, even though Comoros is classified as a country rich in history and culture. As for the areas targeted for tourist attraction, it depends on the natural beauty of the islands, the most important of which are coastal beaches, and places designated for sailing and fishing. And diving between coral reefs, and areas to watch the beauty of the various mountains, especially volcanic ones.

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