What is the capital of the state of Tunisia

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Tunis is the capital of the state of Tunisia

The state of Tunisia is located north of the African continent on the Mediterranean, and one of the most prominent cities is Tunis, the capital, Tunis. The city of Tunis is one of the largest Tunisian cities in terms of population density. It is located in the north of the country on the eastern side of the Gulf of the Mediterranean, with an area of ​​212.63 km2, and is characterized by its climate. Moderate and many orchards, and dominated by antique character that blends in the contemporary civilization character.

History of the capital Tunis

The capital city of Tunis is one of the ancient historical cities, where it was the first place for the Phoenicians when they established their famous city of Carthage, and then it became a stopover and rest stop during the era of Roman civilization, meaning that Tunisia is a Roman city of origin, just as the Roman cities near it are: the city of Twenza, Tunisia And Tensot, and Tunisian, meaning that the origin of the name Tunis is an ancient Roman name meaning the camp, and from the old names for it: Tarshish, and novels say that the name of Tunisia is derived from the Amazigh language from the verb Anas, which means spending the night.

The city of Tunis remained under Roman rule until the era of the Islamic conquests, when leader Hassan bin Numan bin Uday al-Asadi opened it in the Umayyad era, during the reign of Abdul Malik bin Marwan in the year 70 AH, and it is said that a great wall was surrounding the city, and it has five gates, the most important of which is the tribal gate of the island that People go out to the city of Kairouan, and the city was distinguished by its pure air, its good fruits, and the diversity of fish in its waters.

Economy

Today, the capital, Tunis, is characterized by important commercial activity, as many different industries are active in it, such as: manufacturing electrical tools, textiles, oils of all kinds, medicines, and plastic industries, except that it includes the most important sea ports, which is the commercial port of Rades which is visited by large commercial ships It is located in the southern suburb of the capital, on the southwestern shore of the Mediterranean, and due to its importance as the capital of the state, there is an international airport, and the official state institutions of the state.

Milestones

Zaytuna Mosque

It is the most famous landmark in the heart of the capital, in terms of its unique architecture, and what distinguishes it is its square minaret, which is considered one of the most beautiful minarets as a whole, in addition to domes, arches, marble columns, and Arabic lines that decorate it, and the Zaytuna Mosque is similar in its construction to the Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo .

Museums

There are several museums in the capital, including: the Bardo National Museum, which is the largest Tunisian museum; it is a former palace of El Bey, and displays ancient Roman and Islamic monuments, and is famous for mosaic paintings, and the National Museum of Islamic Arts, was founded in the eighteenth century, and is specialized in displaying traditional Tunisian industries There is the Regional Museum of Art and Folklore, and it displays clothes and jewelry of a traditional Tunisian character, as well as the Coin Museum, the Museum of Stamps, the International Museum of Carthage, and the Salambo Museum.

Romania relics

The most famous Roman monuments in the capital Tunis: the baths of Antoninus, which are distinguished by their magnitude, in addition to the archaeological park. It displays ancient Roman monuments from: Roman neighborhoods, basins, columns, streets, as well as the antiquities of ancient Carthage.

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