The capital of Palestine

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The capital of Palestine

The city of Jerusalem is considered the capital of the State of Palestine, and the city of Jerusalem is considered one of the oldest cities in the world as it dates back to more than five thousand years, and the names given to it have varied throughout history as they were called by the Canaanites Jerusalem, which means the city of peace, and it was called in the Greek era Elia, which means the house of God, and Jerusalem was mentioned in the Torah 680 times, and one of the most important actions that the Canaanites did in the city of Jerusalem is the tunnel that was built to secure the arrival of water into the city from the spring of Gihon, which is located in the Kidron Valley, which is now known as Ain Silwan .

The religious importance of Jerusalem

The city of Jerusalem is a mother of the Islamic, Christian, and Judaic religions, where Muslims go to the Al-Aqsa Mosque, while Christians go to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher which is called the Church of the Holy Sepulcher to perform the ritual of the Hajj, and the Jews go to it to sanctify the western wall of it, and the great importance of the city lies where it received the Prophet Muhammad May God’s prayers and peace be upon him, when I walked with him from the Grand Mosque to the Al-Aqsa Mosque at night and then ascended to the sky in the incident of Isra and Mi’raj in the year 621, i.e. 10 AH, and I witnessed the first Islamic era at the hands of Caliph Umar ibn Al-Khattab, may God be pleased with him, and he changed the name of the city from Iliya To Jerusalem, and Abdul Malik bin Marwan built during this period the Dome of the Rock.

The geography of Jerusalem

Jerusalem has a mixed subtropical climate, a warm dry summer and a cold and rainy winter. The average annual rainfall is approximately 600 mm annually and the average daily temperature is between 24 ° C in August and 10 ° C in January, and is characterized by dry desert winds And hot.


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