France (English: France), officially known as the French Kingdom (English: French Republic), is a European country that is considered one of the most modern and modern countries. France is located west of the continent of Europe, overlooking the Gulf of Gasconia from the west and the English Channel from the north. Politically, France has a prominent and important position: it is a permanent member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Group of Eight industrialized nations, the Group of Twenty, and the European Union.
The capital of France is the city of Paris, and it is one of its most beautiful cities. France includes several provinces belonging to it and located in different places in the world, and these islands are French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Reunion. The total area of France is 551,500 km2, while the area of France in addition to its regions is 643,801 km2. 62,814,233 people live in France, while France has a population of 66,836,154 people, according to the statistics of 2016.
Tourism in France
France is the most visited country in the world by tourists, as it receives tourists from different countries of the world, and it is the third most income in the world from the tourism sector. In 2015, 84.5 million tourists came to France from many regions of the world. France’s tourism income accounted for 7.4% of the country’s gross domestic product in 2014. In the same year, France’s total tourism receipts reached 43.2 billion euros (45.75 billion dollars). France has many attractive tourist destinations, and as a result, there are 42 tourist sites that have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, including 38 cultural sites, 3 natural sites, and one that combines culture and nature.
Sights in France
The State of France includes many important and attractive tourist places that constitute tourist attractions for tourists from all over the world. Among the most important tourist attractions that exist in France are:
The Louvre Museum is the most important museum in the world, and one of the most visited tourist destinations in France. Located in the city of Paris, the museum displays a wide range of Western history from the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century. The museum dates back to the twelfth century AD, and the museum was a huge palace, and until 1870 AD the museum was the residence of the French presidents. It has a distinctive and attractive architectural character, as many architects worked between the years 1200-2011 AD on its design and restoration. The museum was officially opened to the public on August 10, 1793 A.D.
The Eiffel Tower is one of the most prominent landmarks of France and Paris. The tower was built in 1889 CE by engineer Gustave Eiffel to celebrate the centenary of the French Revolution, and it was scheduled to last for only 20 years, but a scientific experiment of radio waves by engineer Eiffel worked to save it. The tower was built in only two years, two months and five days, and became a symbol of French technological prowess and engineering progress at that era. The tower is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in France, where about 7 million tourists visit the tower annually.
The George Pompidou Center
The Georges Pompidou Center (National Center for Arts and Cultures) is a cultural complex located in Paris. In 1969, the French President, Georges Pompidou, proposed to build a cultural center in the region of Bubur, after which it was decided to establish a global architectural competition for the best architectural design of the building, and a team consisting of three British architects was chosen. The Center was officially opened on January 31, 1977 AD, and it gained instant fame as the most prominent cultural place in the world. The center witnessed the establishment of many art galleries that contributed greatly to shaping the artistic history of the twentieth century. The center consists of 10 floors, and includes a museum, two cinemas, a public library and spaces for art exhibitions.
The Musée d’Orsay
The Musée d’Orsay is one of the most important museums in the French capital, Paris. The museum building was originally built in 1852 AD to protect orange trees in the winter, and at the request of Napoleon III a new building was built on the garden terrace on the banks of the Seine River. When the empire fell in the year 1870 AD, the building became the property of the state, and it continued to be used as a storehouse for orange trees, in addition to using it to hold many cultural, musical and artistic events. The museum contains a large collection of the most prominent works of French art, which include the work of many prominent French artists.
Disneyland Paris is the largest entertainment center in Europe, and one of the highest leisure centers that attract tourists in the world. Disneyland started its operations in Paris in 1987 when the company partnered with the French government. Disneyland generated revenue of 1,278 million euros ($ 1354.87 million) in 2016. Disneyland has received more than 275 million tourists from around the world since 1992, and is currently employing more than 15,000 employees.
Annecy is a French city with stunning natural scenery, with a lake that is described as the purest in all parts of the European continent. The city includes many cultural and tourism activities that tourists can enjoy. The pure lake waters run into canals that run under the old city, which represents the historic center of Annecy, to form stunning natural scenery, called the Alps Rifle. Since 1957, efforts have been devoted to making lake water as fresh and pure as possible, which has made it the purest water in Europe. The lake is surrounded by many mountains, and is located at an altitude of 447 meters.
Corsica is located in the western Mediterranean Sea to the north of Sardinia, 160 km southeast of Nice, France. The island has stunning natural scenery and has an important historical place, as the region witnessed many important battles, and several revolutions took place on its soil. The island includes many historical buildings, the most prominent of which are the Bordeaux Tower, the Tower of Capitello and the Tower of de Labarata. The island also includes the Genoa Bridge, which runs on the Gullu River.
The French Alps are the most popular tourist attractions in the winter season, as they are visited by skiers during the ski season and the Olympic Games. The French Alps are 4,810 meters long and are a major center for many skiing centers, such as Chamonix and Megeve. Mountains are home to many species of animals, in addition to a park in which tourists can perform many activities, such as skiing, hiking, climbing, white rafting, mountain biking, thermal baths, and other activities.