What is the capital of Armenia

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The capital of Armenia

Yerevan is considered the capital of the State of Armenia, and it is the industrial, administrative, and cultural center of the country, located along the Hrazdan River, which is the largest Armenian city and one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, and it is the capital of Armenia since 1918, and it is the thirteenth capital in the history of Yerevan is one of the most famous cities that still retains great Soviet architecture throughout the city, and the city has a population of approximately 1,093,485 people, according to statistics conducted in 2020.

Geography of the city of Yerevan

Yerevan is located in the northeastern region of the Ararat Plain, with a height of approximately 990 meters, surrounded by mountains on three sides, and the city is divided into two parts by the Harzdan River, through a narrow valley, and Yerevan is characterized as not affiliated with a specific province, but It is bordered by several provinces including Ararat, Armavir, Aragatsotn and Kotayk.

History of the city of Yerevan

The city was developed as an important site for trade, and it also suffered long from the siege and colonialism, as it was ruled by many empires and dynasties including the Romans, Parthians, Arabs, Mongols, Turks, Persians, Georgians, and Russians, then the city was able to become a capital For the independent Republic of Armenia, it maintained this position under Soviet rule and renewed independence.

Yerevan city architecture

Many buildings decorated with local multicolored stones were built along the wooded streets of Yerevan, and the city is famous for being a major cultural center, especially for having a university founded in 1919 AD, in addition to many other educational institutions, and it also contains the Matendran archive that was founded in 1920 and which contains On a rich collection of ancient Armenian manuscripts, the city also has many museums and theaters.

Attractions in Yerevan

Yerevan is famous for having many tourist attractions that can be visited, the most famous of which are the following:

  • Complex: The Cascade Complex was designed by renowned architect Jim Torossian, which is a link between the Hagtanac Park and the city center, and the complex and the surrounding area are a favorite place for tourists and locals.
  • Eriboni Castle: Eriboni Castle was built in 782 BC, and it is of historical importance. It is believed that this castle was occupied by people who inhabited the surrounding province. The aim of this castle was to protect the northern borders of the kingdom.
  • Mother Armenia Statue:The statue of Mother Armenia was built using wrought copper, and this statue is located in Victoria Park.

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