What is the capital of Senegal?

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Dakar is the capital of Senegal

The city of Dakar is the capital of Senegal, as it is the largest city in terms of area and population. The city is located in the far western side of the country, and it is considered a strategic location for the launch of European trade. It is reported that Dakar has become an independent French municipality after it split from Gori Island in 1887 AD And that it was the capital of federalism in Mali in the period from 1959-1960 AD, then it became the capital of Senegal, and the city was considered a major financial and administrative center; it was the headquarters of the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly, a group of local banks and international organizations, and Dakar includes a group of places Attraction including Gori Island, mosques, markets, and IFAN Museum The name Dakar is derived from the word (dakhar), which is the name of the Indian date tree in the Wolof language.

The birth of the city

The city of Dakar was founded in 1857 AD, when the French built a fortress for the Independence Palace at this site, with the aim of securing the interests of the merchants who had settled in the place for 20 years and resided on Goree Island, and in 1862 AD a short breakwater was built in Dakar, so the city was organized on The low limestone base behind the sandy coast, and after about a generation passed, Dakar overpowered the Gori and Rufsky regions, and in 1886 AD the first railway network was opened in West Africa, extending between Saint Louis and Dakar, and this was a strong impetus for the development of the city of Dakar to The side of stimulating peanut cultivation in a soft neighborhood This railway, and in 1902 Dakar became the capital of the French Federation of West Africa instead of St. Louis.

The matter of the port of Dakar grew during World War I, and comprehensive improvements were made in Dakar until it became the main port for shipping and transporting peanuts in the 1930s, but the city’s development in World War II was delayed until France joined the allies in 1943 AD, and during a period The war became a prominent peanut oil purification industry in Dakar, due to the need for vegetable oils, in addition to the creation of many other industries, but after the division of French West Africa in 1961 AD, the markets of Dakar declined, and it is reported that Dakar has become the capital of federalism in Mali for Dah short between 1959-1960m, until then became the capital of the Republic of Senegal in 1960, referred to as the city has seen an expansion since a major urban World War II, has grown around a group of neighborhoods and suburbs.

Notable places in Dakar

Notable places in Dakar include:

  • Gori Island: A small island located next to the coast, where it is entered through daily ferries, where the island is characterized by a relaxed atmosphere that makes it safe from the atmosphere of the city, as there is on the island the headquarters of slaves that were used to send slaves to America.
  • IFAN Museum of African Art: Includes a luxurious collection of monuments and statues as well as masks from all of West Africa.
  • Les Almadies Hotel: It is located on the western side of the city by the ocean, and it is an excellent place to explore seabirds.
  • The African Renaissance Monument: It was launched in 2010 as a symbol of Africa’s independence from European colonial domination as well as the end of the slave trade.

General information about the city of Dakar

General information about the city of Dakar includes:

  • Dakar is located on a longitude of 17.44 west.
  • Dakar is located on a latitude of 14.69 north.
  • The city rises about 12 meters above sea level.
  • The area of ​​the city is approximately 82.38 km2.
  • The city’s population reached 2,476,400 people as of 2020.


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